Yearly changes in the anthropometric dimensions of female high school gymnasts

Jorge Zuniga, Terry J. Housh, Clayton L. Camic, Michelle Mielke, C. Russell Hendrix, Glen O. Johnson, Dona J. Housh, Richard J. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Zuniga, J, Housh, TJ, Camic, CL, Mielke, M, Hendrix, CR, Johnson, GO, Housh, DJ, and Schmidt, RJ. Yearly changes in the anthropometric dimensions of female high school gymnasts. J Strength Cond Res 25(1): 124-128, 2011-The purpose of the present study was to compare the age-related patterns of anthropometric dimensions of female high school gymnasts to those of a national representative sample of teenage girls. One hundred and one female high school gymnasts (X̄ ± SD age =15.8 ± 1.1 year; height [HT] = 162.2 ± 5.7 cm; body weight [BW] = 54.1 ± 6.5 kg) volunteered as subjects in the present study. The sample was divided into 4 independent age groups: age group 14 (AG14) = 14.00 to 14.99 years (n = 26); AG15 = 15.00 to 15.99 years (n = 27); AG16 = 16.00 to 16.99 years (n = 29); and AG17 = 17.00 to 17.99 years (n = 19). Nine variables including BW; HT; body mass index (BMI); subscapular and triceps skinfolds; and waist, mid-arm, maximal calf, and mid-thigh circumferences were assessed on each subject. Independent t-tests indicated that for all age groups,the female high school gymnasts exhibited lower BW, BMI, circumferences (waist, mid-arm, maximal calf, and mid-thigh) and skinfolds (subscapular and triceps) than the national sample, except AG 17 for BW and maximal calf and mid-thigh circumferences. There were no significant differences in HT between samples for any of the age groups. Furthermore, there were no differences between the high school gymnasts and the national sample for the slope coefficients for the anthropometric dimensions vs. age relationships. These findings indicated that in females, participation in high school gymnastics does not adversely affect yearly changes in anthropometric dimensions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-128
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

Fingerprint

Age Groups
Thigh
Body Weight
Body Mass Index
Arm
Gymnastics
Body Height
Waist Circumference

Keywords

  • Athletes
  • Body composition
  • Circumferences
  • Physical characteristics
  • Skinfolds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Zuniga, J., Housh, T. J., Camic, C. L., Mielke, M., Hendrix, C. R., Johnson, G. O., ... Schmidt, R. J. (2011). Yearly changes in the anthropometric dimensions of female high school gymnasts. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 25(1), 124-128. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bb0d92

Yearly changes in the anthropometric dimensions of female high school gymnasts. / Zuniga, Jorge; Housh, Terry J.; Camic, Clayton L.; Mielke, Michelle; Hendrix, C. Russell; Johnson, Glen O.; Housh, Dona J.; Schmidt, Richard J.

In: Journal of strength and conditioning research, Vol. 25, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 124-128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zuniga, Jorge ; Housh, Terry J. ; Camic, Clayton L. ; Mielke, Michelle ; Hendrix, C. Russell ; Johnson, Glen O. ; Housh, Dona J. ; Schmidt, Richard J. / Yearly changes in the anthropometric dimensions of female high school gymnasts. In: Journal of strength and conditioning research. 2011 ; Vol. 25, No. 1. pp. 124-128.
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