X-linked spinal muscular atrophy in mice caused by autonomous loss of ATP7A in the motor neuron

Victoria L. Hodgkinson, Jeffery M. Dale, Michael L. Garcia, Gary A. Weisman, Jaekwon Lee, Jonathan D. Gitlin, Michael J. Petris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ATP7A is a copper-transporting P-type ATPase that is essential for cellular copper homeostasis. Loss-of-function mutations in the ATP7A gene result in Menkes disease, a fatal neurodegenerative disorder resulting in seizures, hypotonia and failure to thrive, due to systemic copper deficiency. Most recently, rare missense mutations in ATP7A that do not impact systemic copper homeostasis have been shown to cause X-linked spinal muscular atrophy type 3 (SMAX3), a distal hereditary motor neuropathy. An understanding of the mechanistic and pathophysiological basis of SMAX3 is currently lacking, in part because the disease-causing mutations have been shown to confer both loss- and gain-of-function properties to ATP7A, and because there is currently no animal model of the disease. In this study, the Atp7a gene was specifically deleted in the motor neurons of mice, resulting in a degenerative phenotype consistent with the clinical features in affected patients with SMAX3, including the progressive deterioration of gait, age-dependent muscle atrophy, denervation of neuromuscular junctions and a loss of motor neuron cell bodies. Taken together, these data reveal autonomous requirements for ATP7A that reveal essential roles for copper in the maintenance and function of the motor neuron, and suggest that SMAX3 is caused by a loss of ATP7A function that specifically impacts the spinal motor neuron.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-250
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Pathology
Volume236
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Fingerprint

Spinal Muscular Atrophy
Motor Neurons
Copper
Homeostasis
Menkes Kinky Hair Syndrome
Muscle Denervation
Spinal Muscular Atrophies of Childhood
Animal Disease Models
Failure to Thrive
Mutation
Muscle Hypotonia
Muscular Atrophy
Neuromuscular Junction
Missense Mutation
Gait
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Genes
Seizures
Maintenance
Phenotype

Keywords

  • ATP7A
  • Menkes disease
  • X-linked spinal muscular atrophy
  • copper
  • motor neuron
  • motor neuropathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

Hodgkinson, V. L., Dale, J. M., Garcia, M. L., Weisman, G. A., Lee, J., Gitlin, J. D., & Petris, M. J. (2015). X-linked spinal muscular atrophy in mice caused by autonomous loss of ATP7A in the motor neuron. Journal of Pathology, 236(2), 241-250. https://doi.org/10.1002/path.4511

X-linked spinal muscular atrophy in mice caused by autonomous loss of ATP7A in the motor neuron. / Hodgkinson, Victoria L.; Dale, Jeffery M.; Garcia, Michael L.; Weisman, Gary A.; Lee, Jaekwon; Gitlin, Jonathan D.; Petris, Michael J.

In: Journal of Pathology, Vol. 236, No. 2, 01.06.2015, p. 241-250.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hodgkinson, VL, Dale, JM, Garcia, ML, Weisman, GA, Lee, J, Gitlin, JD & Petris, MJ 2015, 'X-linked spinal muscular atrophy in mice caused by autonomous loss of ATP7A in the motor neuron', Journal of Pathology, vol. 236, no. 2, pp. 241-250. https://doi.org/10.1002/path.4511
Hodgkinson, Victoria L. ; Dale, Jeffery M. ; Garcia, Michael L. ; Weisman, Gary A. ; Lee, Jaekwon ; Gitlin, Jonathan D. ; Petris, Michael J. / X-linked spinal muscular atrophy in mice caused by autonomous loss of ATP7A in the motor neuron. In: Journal of Pathology. 2015 ; Vol. 236, No. 2. pp. 241-250.
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