Women’s Risk Factors and Their Contributions to Existing Risk/Needs Assessment:The Current Status of a Gender-Responsive Supplement

Patricia Van Voorhis, Emily M. Wright, Emily Salisbury, Ashley Bauman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

219 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A growing body of scholarship faults existing risk/needs assessment models for neglecting the risk factors most relevant to women offenders. In response, a series of gender-responsive assessment models were tested for their contributions to widely used gender-neutral risk needs assessments. In six of eight samples studied, subsets of the gender-responsive scales achieved statistically significant contributions to gender-neutral models. Promising results were found for the following: (a) parental stress, family support, self-efficacy, educational assets, housing safety, anger/hostility, and current mental health factors in probation samples; (b) child abuse, anger/hostility, relationship dysfunction, family support, and current mental health factors among prisoners; and (c) adult victimization, anger/hostility, educational assets, and family support among released inmates. The predictive validity of gender-neutral assessments was strong in seven of eight samples studied. However, findings for both gender-neutral and gender-responsive domains suggested different treatment priorities for women from those currently put forward in correctional theory and policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-288
Number of pages28
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Fingerprint

Needs Assessment
supplement
gender
Hostility
Anger
anger
Mental Health
assets
mental health
Prisoners
Crime Victims
probation
Child Abuse
Self Efficacy
prisoner
victimization
self-efficacy
offender
abuse
housing

Keywords

  • correctional classification
  • criminogenic needs
  • gender-responsive
  • needs
  • risk factors
  • women offenders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Law

Cite this

Women’s Risk Factors and Their Contributions to Existing Risk/Needs Assessment:The Current Status of a Gender-Responsive Supplement. / Van Voorhis, Patricia; Wright, Emily M.; Salisbury, Emily; Bauman, Ashley.

In: Criminal Justice and Behavior, Vol. 37, No. 3, 03.2010, p. 261-288.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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