Wii-fit for improving gait and balance in an assisted living facility: A pilot study

Kalpana P. Padala, Prasad R. Padala, Timothy Malloy, Jenenne A Geske, Patricia M. Dubbert, Richard A. Dennis, Kimberly K. Garner, Melinda M. Bopp, William J. Burke, Dennis H. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. To determine the effects on balance and gait of a Wii-Fit program compared to a walking program in subjects with mild Alzheimer's dementia (AD). Methods. A prospective randomized (1: 1) pilot study with two intervention arms was conducted in an assisted living facility with twenty-two mild AD subjects. In both groups the intervention occurred under supervision for 30 minutes daily, five times a week for eight weeks. Repeated measures ANOVA and paired t-tests were used to analyze changes. Results. Both groups showed improvement in Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Tinetti Test (TT) and Timed Up and Go (TUG) over 8 weeks. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups over time. Intragroup analysis in the Wii-Fit group showed significant improvement on BBS (P=0.003), and TT (P=0.013). The walking group showed a trend towards improvement on BBS (P=0.06) and TUG (P=0.07) and significant improvement in TT (P=0.006). Conclusion. This pilot study demonstrates the safety and efficacy of Wii-Fit in an assisted living facility in subjects with mild AD. Use of Wii-Fit resulted in significant improvements in balance and gait comparable to those in the robust monitored walking program. These results need to be confirmed in a larger, methodologically sound study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number597573
JournalJournal of Aging Research
Volume2012
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 7 2012

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Assisted Living Facilities
Gait
Walking
Alzheimer Disease
Analysis of Variance
Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Wii-fit for improving gait and balance in an assisted living facility : A pilot study. / Padala, Kalpana P.; Padala, Prasad R.; Malloy, Timothy; Geske, Jenenne A; Dubbert, Patricia M.; Dennis, Richard A.; Garner, Kimberly K.; Bopp, Melinda M.; Burke, William J.; Sullivan, Dennis H.

In: Journal of Aging Research, Vol. 2012, 597573, 07.11.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Padala, KP, Padala, PR, Malloy, T, Geske, JA, Dubbert, PM, Dennis, RA, Garner, KK, Bopp, MM, Burke, WJ & Sullivan, DH 2012, 'Wii-fit for improving gait and balance in an assisted living facility: A pilot study', Journal of Aging Research, vol. 2012, 597573. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/597573
Padala, Kalpana P. ; Padala, Prasad R. ; Malloy, Timothy ; Geske, Jenenne A ; Dubbert, Patricia M. ; Dennis, Richard A. ; Garner, Kimberly K. ; Bopp, Melinda M. ; Burke, William J. ; Sullivan, Dennis H. / Wii-fit for improving gait and balance in an assisted living facility : A pilot study. In: Journal of Aging Research. 2012 ; Vol. 2012.
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abstract = "Objectives. To determine the effects on balance and gait of a Wii-Fit program compared to a walking program in subjects with mild Alzheimer's dementia (AD). Methods. A prospective randomized (1: 1) pilot study with two intervention arms was conducted in an assisted living facility with twenty-two mild AD subjects. In both groups the intervention occurred under supervision for 30 minutes daily, five times a week for eight weeks. Repeated measures ANOVA and paired t-tests were used to analyze changes. Results. Both groups showed improvement in Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Tinetti Test (TT) and Timed Up and Go (TUG) over 8 weeks. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups over time. Intragroup analysis in the Wii-Fit group showed significant improvement on BBS (P=0.003), and TT (P=0.013). The walking group showed a trend towards improvement on BBS (P=0.06) and TUG (P=0.07) and significant improvement in TT (P=0.006). Conclusion. This pilot study demonstrates the safety and efficacy of Wii-Fit in an assisted living facility in subjects with mild AD. Use of Wii-Fit resulted in significant improvements in balance and gait comparable to those in the robust monitored walking program. These results need to be confirmed in a larger, methodologically sound study.",
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