Why won’t they sit with me? An exploratory investigation of stereotyped cues, social exclusion, and the P3b

John E. Kiat, Elizabeth Straley, Jacob E. Cheadle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The importance of understanding how we anticipate and prepare for being socially excluded is underscored by the numerous adverse mental and physical consequences of social rejection. In this study, we adapted a social exclusion paradigm, the Lunchroom task, to investigate the use of social context cues in the formation of social outcome expectations as indexed by the P3b, an ERP component associated with attention orientation and context updating. In this task, Black and White participants were presented with either neutral or stereotyped cues prior to being exposed to simulated inclusion versus exclusion outcome scenarios. Black participants showed evidence of (1) a significantly reduced P3b response to exclusions preceded by stereotyped cues relative to neutral cue-related exclusions and (2) a marginally significant increase in the P3b response to inclusions relative to exclusions when both were preceded by stereotyped cues. Both of these findings suggest a key role for the use of social cues in the formation of outcome expectations. In line with our hypothesis that the random intermixing of inclusion and exclusion outcomes would prevent formation of outcome expectations when coupled with the absence of self-relevant cues, no overall P3b modulations were observed among a comparison group of White participants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)612-625
Number of pages14
JournalSocial Neuroscience
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 3 2017

Fingerprint

social exclusion
Cues
exclusion
inclusion
Social Distance
comparison
paradigm
scenario
evidence
Group

Keywords

  • P300
  • Social rejection
  • electroencephalography
  • event-related potential
  • race
  • social exclusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Development
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Why won’t they sit with me? An exploratory investigation of stereotyped cues, social exclusion, and the P3b. / Kiat, John E.; Straley, Elizabeth; Cheadle, Jacob E.

In: Social Neuroscience, Vol. 12, No. 5, 03.09.2017, p. 612-625.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{15483bf398e040608f13512a26b0c4aa,
title = "Why won’t they sit with me? An exploratory investigation of stereotyped cues, social exclusion, and the P3b",
abstract = "The importance of understanding how we anticipate and prepare for being socially excluded is underscored by the numerous adverse mental and physical consequences of social rejection. In this study, we adapted a social exclusion paradigm, the Lunchroom task, to investigate the use of social context cues in the formation of social outcome expectations as indexed by the P3b, an ERP component associated with attention orientation and context updating. In this task, Black and White participants were presented with either neutral or stereotyped cues prior to being exposed to simulated inclusion versus exclusion outcome scenarios. Black participants showed evidence of (1) a significantly reduced P3b response to exclusions preceded by stereotyped cues relative to neutral cue-related exclusions and (2) a marginally significant increase in the P3b response to inclusions relative to exclusions when both were preceded by stereotyped cues. Both of these findings suggest a key role for the use of social cues in the formation of outcome expectations. In line with our hypothesis that the random intermixing of inclusion and exclusion outcomes would prevent formation of outcome expectations when coupled with the absence of self-relevant cues, no overall P3b modulations were observed among a comparison group of White participants.",
keywords = "P300, Social rejection, electroencephalography, event-related potential, race, social exclusion",
author = "Kiat, {John E.} and Elizabeth Straley and Cheadle, {Jacob E.}",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/17470919.2016.1223167",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
pages = "612--625",
journal = "Social Neuroscience",
issn = "1747-0919",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Why won’t they sit with me? An exploratory investigation of stereotyped cues, social exclusion, and the P3b

AU - Kiat, John E.

AU - Straley, Elizabeth

AU - Cheadle, Jacob E.

PY - 2017/9/3

Y1 - 2017/9/3

N2 - The importance of understanding how we anticipate and prepare for being socially excluded is underscored by the numerous adverse mental and physical consequences of social rejection. In this study, we adapted a social exclusion paradigm, the Lunchroom task, to investigate the use of social context cues in the formation of social outcome expectations as indexed by the P3b, an ERP component associated with attention orientation and context updating. In this task, Black and White participants were presented with either neutral or stereotyped cues prior to being exposed to simulated inclusion versus exclusion outcome scenarios. Black participants showed evidence of (1) a significantly reduced P3b response to exclusions preceded by stereotyped cues relative to neutral cue-related exclusions and (2) a marginally significant increase in the P3b response to inclusions relative to exclusions when both were preceded by stereotyped cues. Both of these findings suggest a key role for the use of social cues in the formation of outcome expectations. In line with our hypothesis that the random intermixing of inclusion and exclusion outcomes would prevent formation of outcome expectations when coupled with the absence of self-relevant cues, no overall P3b modulations were observed among a comparison group of White participants.

AB - The importance of understanding how we anticipate and prepare for being socially excluded is underscored by the numerous adverse mental and physical consequences of social rejection. In this study, we adapted a social exclusion paradigm, the Lunchroom task, to investigate the use of social context cues in the formation of social outcome expectations as indexed by the P3b, an ERP component associated with attention orientation and context updating. In this task, Black and White participants were presented with either neutral or stereotyped cues prior to being exposed to simulated inclusion versus exclusion outcome scenarios. Black participants showed evidence of (1) a significantly reduced P3b response to exclusions preceded by stereotyped cues relative to neutral cue-related exclusions and (2) a marginally significant increase in the P3b response to inclusions relative to exclusions when both were preceded by stereotyped cues. Both of these findings suggest a key role for the use of social cues in the formation of outcome expectations. In line with our hypothesis that the random intermixing of inclusion and exclusion outcomes would prevent formation of outcome expectations when coupled with the absence of self-relevant cues, no overall P3b modulations were observed among a comparison group of White participants.

KW - P300

KW - Social rejection

KW - electroencephalography

KW - event-related potential

KW - race

KW - social exclusion

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84983356939&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84983356939&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/17470919.2016.1223167

DO - 10.1080/17470919.2016.1223167

M3 - Article

C2 - 27557430

AN - SCOPUS:84983356939

VL - 12

SP - 612

EP - 625

JO - Social Neuroscience

JF - Social Neuroscience

SN - 1747-0919

IS - 5

ER -