Which risk factors predict the basic reading skills of children at risk for emotional and behavioral disorders?

J. Ron Nelson, Scott Stage, Alex Trout, Kristin Duppong-Hurley, Michael H. Epstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


Multinomial stepwise logistic regression analyses were used to establish the most robust set of risk factors that would best predict low basic reading skills (i.e., a standard score less than 85 on the Woodcock Reading Mastery Test-Revised Basic Reading Skills cluster) of kindergarten and first-grade children at risk for emotional and behavioral disorders. Results showed that among the 11 risk factor domains considered, four were most predictive of low reading skills: demographic characteristics, childhood maladjustment, family functioning, and maternal depression. Within these four domains, the most robust set of individual risk factors were gender, history of psychiatric hospitalization, abusive to animals, and maternal depression. Results, limitations, and implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-86
Number of pages12
JournalBehavioral Disorders
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2008


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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