VH replacement in mice and humans

Zhixin Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heavy chain variable segment (VH) replacement refers to recombination activating gene (RAG) product-mediated secondary recombination between a previously rearranged VH gene and an upstream unrearranged VH gene. VH replacement was first observed in mouse pre-B cell lines and later demonstrated in knock-in mouse models carrying immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) genes encoding self-reactive or mono-specific antibodies or non-functional IgH rearrangements on both IgH alleles. Despite these findings, it is still difficult to find VH replacement intermediates during normal murine B cell development. In humans, ongoing VH replacement was found in a clonal B lineage EU12 cell line and in human bone marrow immature B cells. The identification of potential VH replacement products also suggested a potential contribution of VH replacement to the antibody repertoire. Here, I review the evidence for whether VH replacement genuinely offers an in vivo RAG-mediated recombinatorial mechanism to alter preformed IgH genes in mice and humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-137
Number of pages6
JournalTrends in Immunology
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007

Fingerprint

Genetic Recombination
Immunoglobulin Heavy Chain Genes
Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains
B-Lymphoid Precursor Cells
Genes
Cell Line
Antibodies
B-Lymphocytes
Bone Marrow
Alleles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

VH replacement in mice and humans. / Zhang, Zhixin.

In: Trends in Immunology, Vol. 28, No. 3, 01.03.2007, p. 132-137.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Zhang, Zhixin. / VH replacement in mice and humans. In: Trends in Immunology. 2007 ; Vol. 28, No. 3. pp. 132-137.
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