Vitamin D deficiency and benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo

Béla Büki, Michael Ecker, Heinz Jünger, Yunxia Wang Lundberg

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Abstract

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a common cause of disabling vertigo with a high rate of recurrence. Although connections between vitamin D deficiency and osteoporosis, as well as between osteoporosis and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo have been suggested respectively in the literature, we are not aware of any publication linking vitamin D and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. As a hypothesis, we suggest that there is a relation between insufficient vitamin D level and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. In order to test this hypothesis, in a small retrospective pilot study, 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in serum of patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and frequency of recurrence after correction of serum level were assessed retrospectively. Patients with idiopathic positional vertigo had a low average serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (23. ng/mL) similar to that of the general Austrian population, which has a high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D. In 4 cases with chronically recurrent severe vertigo episodes, average levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D were even significantly lower than in the other vertigo patients, who had their first episode. Vertigo attacks did not recur after supplementation with vitamin D. We raise the possibility that patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo who have low vitamin D levels may benefit from supplementation and suggest further epidemiological investigations to determine the effect of correcting vitamin D deficiency on the recurrence of vertigo. Given the many known benefits of vitamin D, the authors recommend the measurement of vitamin D in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and supplementation if necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-204
Number of pages4
JournalMedical Hypotheses
Volume80
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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