Visible to vacuum ultraviolet dielectric functions of epitaxial graphene on 3C and 4H SiC polytypes determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry

A. Boosalis, T. Hofmann, V. Darakchieva, R. Yakimova, M. Schubert

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Spectroscopic ellipsometry measurements in the visible to vacuum-ultraviolet spectra (3.5-9.5 eV) are performed to determine the dielectric function of epitaxial graphene on SiC polytypes, including 4H (C-face and Si-face) and 3C SiC (Si-face). The model dielectric function of graphene is composed of two harmonic oscillators and allows the determination of graphene quality, morphology, and strain. A characteristic van Hove singularity at 4.5 eV is present in the dielectric function of all samples, in agreement with observations on exfoliated as well as chemical vapor deposited graphene in the visible range. Model dielectric function analysis suggests that none of our graphene layers experience a significant degree of strain. Graphene grown on the Si-face of 4H SiC exhibits a dielectric function most similar to theoretical predictions for graphene. The carbon buffer layer common for graphene on Si-faces is found to increase polarizability of graphene in the investigated spectrum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number011912
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2 2012


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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