Violence in the Supermax: A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Kate King, Benjamin Steiner, Stephanie Ritchie Breach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The supermax prison was designed to control the most violent, assaultive individuals, gang members, and other prisoners who could not be managed in less secure settings. Pelican Bay State Prison, which houses California's supermax, holds approximately 1,300 inmates in its security housing unit (SHU). This article examines the mission, architecture, and organization of Pelican Bay State Prison, the architecture and procedures in the SHU, the training and mind-set of correctional officers who work at Pelican Bay, the inmate culture and mentality, and the findings of the federal court in Madrid v. Gomez, which addressed conditions in the SHU. The authors maintain that the mission of Pelican Bay, combined with the officer and inmate cultures, creates a self fulfilling prophecy: the super violent supermax.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-168
Number of pages25
JournalThe Prison Journal
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008

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self-fulfilling prophecy
correctional institution
housing
violence
mentality
prisoner
organization

Keywords

  • Madrid v. Gomez
  • correctional officer culture
  • inmate culture
  • supermax

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Law

Cite this

Violence in the Supermax : A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy. / King, Kate; Steiner, Benjamin; Ritchie Breach, Stephanie.

In: The Prison Journal, Vol. 88, No. 1, 03.2008, p. 144-168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

King, Kate ; Steiner, Benjamin ; Ritchie Breach, Stephanie. / Violence in the Supermax : A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy. In: The Prison Journal. 2008 ; Vol. 88, No. 1. pp. 144-168.
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