Variations in otolith elemental compositions of two clupeid species, Stolothrissa tanganicae and Limnothrissa miodon in Lake Tanganyika

Aboubakar Sako, Catherine M. O'Reilly, Robyn Hannigan, Nathaniel A Bickford, Ronald L. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lake Tanganyika in East Africa has two primary basins (Northern and Southern) and borders four sovereign countries. Effective management of the fisheries of this lake requires sound biological understanding of the various fish stocks. The feasibility of fish stock identification within different basins and sub-basins of this lake was attempted through otolith elemental composition analysis. Element ratio signatures of whole sagittal otoliths (Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca and Ba/Ca) of two commercially important clupeid species (Stolothrissa tanganicae, n=18; Limnothrissa miodon, n=32) were used to classify individual fish to their resident basins. No element ratios in L. miodon otoliths were significantly different between Southern sub-basins, yet Ba/Ca and Sr/Ca ratios were significantly different for individuals from the Northern and Southern basins. Sr/Ca and Ba/Ca ratios were also significantly different between otoliths of sympatric L. miodon and S. taganicae in the Northern Bujumbura Sub-basin. Species differences may be due to ontogenetic and environmental variables. Sr/Ca and Ba/Ca element concentration ratios contributed greatly to basin classification of individual fish. Canonical discriminant analysis correctly classified 91% of L. miodon and 83.3% of S. tanganicae to the Bujumbura sub-basin, compared to 59.9% of L. miodon collected from the Southern Basin that were correctly classified to this basin. These classification rates are similar to those found for estuarine species. Our results of a limited study suggest that otolith element compositions can be used as a natural tag to identify fish stocks in Lake Tanganyika and assist in the implementation of a multi-national fisheries best management plan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-97
Number of pages7
JournalGeochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 18 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

otolith
Fish
Lakes
Catchments
lake
Chemical analysis
basin
Fisheries
Discriminant analysis
Acoustic waves
fishery
stock identification
fish
discriminant analysis

Keywords

  • Clupeids
  • Lake Tanganyika
  • Otolith elemental compositions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Variations in otolith elemental compositions of two clupeid species, Stolothrissa tanganicae and Limnothrissa miodon in Lake Tanganyika. / Sako, Aboubakar; O'Reilly, Catherine M.; Hannigan, Robyn; Bickford, Nathaniel A; Johnson, Ronald L.

In: Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, Vol. 5, No. 1, 18.03.2005, p. 91-97.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Lake Tanganyika in East Africa has two primary basins (Northern and Southern) and borders four sovereign countries. Effective management of the fisheries of this lake requires sound biological understanding of the various fish stocks. The feasibility of fish stock identification within different basins and sub-basins of this lake was attempted through otolith elemental composition analysis. Element ratio signatures of whole sagittal otoliths (Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca and Ba/Ca) of two commercially important clupeid species (Stolothrissa tanganicae, n=18; Limnothrissa miodon, n=32) were used to classify individual fish to their resident basins. No element ratios in L. miodon otoliths were significantly different between Southern sub-basins, yet Ba/Ca and Sr/Ca ratios were significantly different for individuals from the Northern and Southern basins. Sr/Ca and Ba/Ca ratios were also significantly different between otoliths of sympatric L. miodon and S. taganicae in the Northern Bujumbura Sub-basin. Species differences may be due to ontogenetic and environmental variables. Sr/Ca and Ba/Ca element concentration ratios contributed greatly to basin classification of individual fish. Canonical discriminant analysis correctly classified 91{\%} of L. miodon and 83.3{\%} of S. tanganicae to the Bujumbura sub-basin, compared to 59.9{\%} of L. miodon collected from the Southern Basin that were correctly classified to this basin. These classification rates are similar to those found for estuarine species. Our results of a limited study suggest that otolith element compositions can be used as a natural tag to identify fish stocks in Lake Tanganyika and assist in the implementation of a multi-national fisheries best management plan.",
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