Using targeting outcomes of programs as a framework to target photographic events in nonformal educational programs

S. Kay Rockwell, Julie A. Albrecht, Gwen C Nugent, Gina M Kunz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Targeting Outcomes of Programs (TOP) is a seven-step hierarchical programming model in which the program development and performance sides are mirror images of each other. It served as a framework to identify a simple method for targeting photographic events in nonformal education programs, indicating why, when, and how photographs would be useful to inform other evaluation strategies. In two case studies, photographs enhanced the formative story of a geoscience project being developed and tested, and contributed to the outcome narrative of a 10-year partnership project between two universities. In both cases, TOP proved to be an efficient and easy-to-use framework. Using TOP in this fashion has the potential to help evaluators address challenges posed by the subjectivity of photography and possible biases of the photographer in the research process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-194
Number of pages16
JournalAmerican Journal of Evaluation
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

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Earth Sciences
Program Development
Photography
educational program
Education
event
Research
photographer
research process
photography
subjectivity
programming
Targeting
narrative
university
trend
evaluation
performance
education

Keywords

  • nonformal education
  • photographic events
  • photography i.m.xed method evaluations
  • targeting outcomes of programs (TOP)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Strategy and Management

Cite this

Using targeting outcomes of programs as a framework to target photographic events in nonformal educational programs. / Rockwell, S. Kay; Albrecht, Julie A.; Nugent, Gwen C; Kunz, Gina M.

In: American Journal of Evaluation, Vol. 33, No. 2, 01.06.2012, p. 179-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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