Use of the 9-item patient health questionnaire for depression assessment in primary care patients with type 2 diabetes

Robert J. Willborn, Mykell Barnacle, Brody Maack, Natasha Petry, Amy Werremeyer, Mark A. Strand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the current study was to assess the frequency and distribution of the 9-Item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) among individuals with type 2 diabetes with and without depression. The current casecontrol study used electronic medical record data from two primary care institutions. The sample was divided into cases with coexisting depression and type 2 diabetes and controls without depression. Data included demographics, biomarkers, number of services delivered, and clinic visits in 2013. Similar PHQ-9 use was seen between unique primary care practices. However, less than one third of patients at either site received depression screening with the PHQ-9 in 2013. Male and older adult patients were less likely to receive assessment. Guideline ambiguity and lack of accountability in primary care practice has made the use of depression metrics arbitrary in diabetic populations at risk for depression. To assure adequate care provision, it is imperative that proven tools for assessing depressive symptoms are used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-63
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Primary Health Care
Depression
Health
Electronic Health Records
Social Responsibility
Ambulatory Care
Surveys and Questionnaires
Biomarkers
Demography
Guidelines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health

Cite this

Use of the 9-item patient health questionnaire for depression assessment in primary care patients with type 2 diabetes. / Willborn, Robert J.; Barnacle, Mykell; Maack, Brody; Petry, Natasha; Werremeyer, Amy; Strand, Mark A.

In: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, Vol. 54, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 56-63.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Willborn, Robert J. ; Barnacle, Mykell ; Maack, Brody ; Petry, Natasha ; Werremeyer, Amy ; Strand, Mark A. / Use of the 9-item patient health questionnaire for depression assessment in primary care patients with type 2 diabetes. In: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services. 2016 ; Vol. 54, No. 1. pp. 56-63.
@article{1fe4926735ce45538ea35b758e1f04a3,
title = "Use of the 9-item patient health questionnaire for depression assessment in primary care patients with type 2 diabetes",
abstract = "The purpose of the current study was to assess the frequency and distribution of the 9-Item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) among individuals with type 2 diabetes with and without depression. The current casecontrol study used electronic medical record data from two primary care institutions. The sample was divided into cases with coexisting depression and type 2 diabetes and controls without depression. Data included demographics, biomarkers, number of services delivered, and clinic visits in 2013. Similar PHQ-9 use was seen between unique primary care practices. However, less than one third of patients at either site received depression screening with the PHQ-9 in 2013. Male and older adult patients were less likely to receive assessment. Guideline ambiguity and lack of accountability in primary care practice has made the use of depression metrics arbitrary in diabetic populations at risk for depression. To assure adequate care provision, it is imperative that proven tools for assessing depressive symptoms are used.",
author = "Willborn, {Robert J.} and Mykell Barnacle and Brody Maack and Natasha Petry and Amy Werremeyer and Strand, {Mark A.}",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3928/02793695-20151109-01",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "54",
pages = "56--63",
journal = "Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services",
issn = "0279-3695",
publisher = "Slack Incorporated",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Use of the 9-item patient health questionnaire for depression assessment in primary care patients with type 2 diabetes

AU - Willborn, Robert J.

AU - Barnacle, Mykell

AU - Maack, Brody

AU - Petry, Natasha

AU - Werremeyer, Amy

AU - Strand, Mark A.

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - The purpose of the current study was to assess the frequency and distribution of the 9-Item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) among individuals with type 2 diabetes with and without depression. The current casecontrol study used electronic medical record data from two primary care institutions. The sample was divided into cases with coexisting depression and type 2 diabetes and controls without depression. Data included demographics, biomarkers, number of services delivered, and clinic visits in 2013. Similar PHQ-9 use was seen between unique primary care practices. However, less than one third of patients at either site received depression screening with the PHQ-9 in 2013. Male and older adult patients were less likely to receive assessment. Guideline ambiguity and lack of accountability in primary care practice has made the use of depression metrics arbitrary in diabetic populations at risk for depression. To assure adequate care provision, it is imperative that proven tools for assessing depressive symptoms are used.

AB - The purpose of the current study was to assess the frequency and distribution of the 9-Item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) among individuals with type 2 diabetes with and without depression. The current casecontrol study used electronic medical record data from two primary care institutions. The sample was divided into cases with coexisting depression and type 2 diabetes and controls without depression. Data included demographics, biomarkers, number of services delivered, and clinic visits in 2013. Similar PHQ-9 use was seen between unique primary care practices. However, less than one third of patients at either site received depression screening with the PHQ-9 in 2013. Male and older adult patients were less likely to receive assessment. Guideline ambiguity and lack of accountability in primary care practice has made the use of depression metrics arbitrary in diabetic populations at risk for depression. To assure adequate care provision, it is imperative that proven tools for assessing depressive symptoms are used.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84954425337&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84954425337&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3928/02793695-20151109-01

DO - 10.3928/02793695-20151109-01

M3 - Article

C2 - 26565416

AN - SCOPUS:84954425337

VL - 54

SP - 56

EP - 63

JO - Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services

JF - Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services

SN - 0279-3695

IS - 1

ER -