Use of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 knockout mice demonstrates that MMP-9 activity is not absolutely required for G-CSF or Flt-3 ligand-induced hematopoietic progenitor cell mobilization or engraftment

Simon N. Robinson, Vladimir M. Pisarev, Jennifer M. Chavez, Rakesh K Singh, James E Talmadge

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recombinant growth factors (GFs) are used to mobilize hematopoietic stem cells (HSCS) for autologous and allogeneic transplantation; however, little is known about the mechanism(s) critical to this process. Increased levels of serum matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 are detected during mobilization by G-CSF in humans or interleukin (IL)-8 in primates and mice, suggesting a role for this molecule in mobilization. Further, antibodies to MMP-9 block IL-8-induced mobilization. To investigate the role of MMP-9, we compared G-CSF and Flt-3 ligand (Flt-3L)-induced mobilization in wild-type (WT) and MMP-9 knockout (KO) mice. The absence of MMP-9 in the KO mice was confirmed by zymography, which also revealed that serum MMP-9 levels were elevated in WT mice following G-CSF administration. We report that MMP-9 KO mice did not have impaired G-CSF- or Flt-3L-induced hematopoietic progenitor mobilization, suggesting that MMP-9 is not an absolute requirement for this process. In addition, MMPs produced by HSCs have been demonstrated to be important for their transmigration; however, we demonstrate that the engraftment of MMP-9-deficient bone marrow HSCs was not impaired in sublethally irradiated WT recipients. We conclude that while MMP-9 may play an important role in GF-induced hematopoietic progenitor mobilization and engraftment in WT animals, compensatory upregulation of enzymes with a similar activity profile to MMP-9 may obscure the impact of MMP-9 deficiency in the KO model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-427
Number of pages11
JournalSTEM CELLS
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

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Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
Hematopoietic Stem Cells
Knockout Mice
Interleukin-8
flt3 ligand protein
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Wild Animals
Autologous Transplantation
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Homologous Transplantation
Serum
Matrix Metalloproteinases
Primates
Up-Regulation
Bone Marrow

Keywords

  • Cytokine-induced mobilization
  • Engraftment
  • Flt-3 ligand
  • G-CSF
  • Matrix metalloproteinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Use of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 knockout mice demonstrates that MMP-9 activity is not absolutely required for G-CSF or Flt-3 ligand-induced hematopoietic progenitor cell mobilization or engraftment",
abstract = "Recombinant growth factors (GFs) are used to mobilize hematopoietic stem cells (HSCS) for autologous and allogeneic transplantation; however, little is known about the mechanism(s) critical to this process. Increased levels of serum matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 are detected during mobilization by G-CSF in humans or interleukin (IL)-8 in primates and mice, suggesting a role for this molecule in mobilization. Further, antibodies to MMP-9 block IL-8-induced mobilization. To investigate the role of MMP-9, we compared G-CSF and Flt-3 ligand (Flt-3L)-induced mobilization in wild-type (WT) and MMP-9 knockout (KO) mice. The absence of MMP-9 in the KO mice was confirmed by zymography, which also revealed that serum MMP-9 levels were elevated in WT mice following G-CSF administration. We report that MMP-9 KO mice did not have impaired G-CSF- or Flt-3L-induced hematopoietic progenitor mobilization, suggesting that MMP-9 is not an absolute requirement for this process. In addition, MMPs produced by HSCs have been demonstrated to be important for their transmigration; however, we demonstrate that the engraftment of MMP-9-deficient bone marrow HSCs was not impaired in sublethally irradiated WT recipients. We conclude that while MMP-9 may play an important role in GF-induced hematopoietic progenitor mobilization and engraftment in WT animals, compensatory upregulation of enzymes with a similar activity profile to MMP-9 may obscure the impact of MMP-9 deficiency in the KO model.",
keywords = "Cytokine-induced mobilization, Engraftment, Flt-3 ligand, G-CSF, Matrix metalloproteinase",
author = "Robinson, {Simon N.} and Pisarev, {Vladimir M.} and Chavez, {Jennifer M.} and Singh, {Rakesh K} and Talmadge, {James E}",
year = "2003",
month = "1",
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doi = "10.1634/stemcells.21-4-417",
language = "English (US)",
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T1 - Use of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 knockout mice demonstrates that MMP-9 activity is not absolutely required for G-CSF or Flt-3 ligand-induced hematopoietic progenitor cell mobilization or engraftment

AU - Robinson, Simon N.

AU - Pisarev, Vladimir M.

AU - Chavez, Jennifer M.

AU - Singh, Rakesh K

AU - Talmadge, James E

PY - 2003/1/1

Y1 - 2003/1/1

N2 - Recombinant growth factors (GFs) are used to mobilize hematopoietic stem cells (HSCS) for autologous and allogeneic transplantation; however, little is known about the mechanism(s) critical to this process. Increased levels of serum matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 are detected during mobilization by G-CSF in humans or interleukin (IL)-8 in primates and mice, suggesting a role for this molecule in mobilization. Further, antibodies to MMP-9 block IL-8-induced mobilization. To investigate the role of MMP-9, we compared G-CSF and Flt-3 ligand (Flt-3L)-induced mobilization in wild-type (WT) and MMP-9 knockout (KO) mice. The absence of MMP-9 in the KO mice was confirmed by zymography, which also revealed that serum MMP-9 levels were elevated in WT mice following G-CSF administration. We report that MMP-9 KO mice did not have impaired G-CSF- or Flt-3L-induced hematopoietic progenitor mobilization, suggesting that MMP-9 is not an absolute requirement for this process. In addition, MMPs produced by HSCs have been demonstrated to be important for their transmigration; however, we demonstrate that the engraftment of MMP-9-deficient bone marrow HSCs was not impaired in sublethally irradiated WT recipients. We conclude that while MMP-9 may play an important role in GF-induced hematopoietic progenitor mobilization and engraftment in WT animals, compensatory upregulation of enzymes with a similar activity profile to MMP-9 may obscure the impact of MMP-9 deficiency in the KO model.

AB - Recombinant growth factors (GFs) are used to mobilize hematopoietic stem cells (HSCS) for autologous and allogeneic transplantation; however, little is known about the mechanism(s) critical to this process. Increased levels of serum matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 are detected during mobilization by G-CSF in humans or interleukin (IL)-8 in primates and mice, suggesting a role for this molecule in mobilization. Further, antibodies to MMP-9 block IL-8-induced mobilization. To investigate the role of MMP-9, we compared G-CSF and Flt-3 ligand (Flt-3L)-induced mobilization in wild-type (WT) and MMP-9 knockout (KO) mice. The absence of MMP-9 in the KO mice was confirmed by zymography, which also revealed that serum MMP-9 levels were elevated in WT mice following G-CSF administration. We report that MMP-9 KO mice did not have impaired G-CSF- or Flt-3L-induced hematopoietic progenitor mobilization, suggesting that MMP-9 is not an absolute requirement for this process. In addition, MMPs produced by HSCs have been demonstrated to be important for their transmigration; however, we demonstrate that the engraftment of MMP-9-deficient bone marrow HSCs was not impaired in sublethally irradiated WT recipients. We conclude that while MMP-9 may play an important role in GF-induced hematopoietic progenitor mobilization and engraftment in WT animals, compensatory upregulation of enzymes with a similar activity profile to MMP-9 may obscure the impact of MMP-9 deficiency in the KO model.

KW - Cytokine-induced mobilization

KW - Engraftment

KW - Flt-3 ligand

KW - G-CSF

KW - Matrix metalloproteinase

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JO - Stem Cells

JF - Stem Cells

SN - 1066-5099

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