We evaluated the differences in engraftment and toxicities post-autologous transplant using granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) as a continuous infusion either alone or in a sequential manner with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Patients receiving high-dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) for lymphoid malignancies participated in two phase II trials evaluating either continuous infusion GM-CSF (GM-CSF (CI)) or continuous infusion GM-CSF followed by sequential G-CSF (GM-CSF/G-CSF) administered post-ABMT. These patients were compared to similar historical control patients receiving GM-CSF administered as a 2-h intravenous (i.v.) infusion (GM-CSF (2-h)). Patients receiving GM-CSF (CI) and GM-CSF/G-CSF had a median day to reach an absolute neutrophil count of 500/μl post-ABMT of 12 and 11 days, respectively. This compared to a median day of 22 in the GM-CSF (2-h) historical control patients. The median day to platelet independence was 18, 18 and 30 days, respectively. The incidence of toxicities such as incidence of infection, pleural effusions, and rash did not differ greatly between the groups. We conclude that the use of continuous infusion GM-CSF either alone or sequentially with G-CSF produced improved engraftment times compared to historical control patients treated with GM-CSF as a 2-h i.v. infusion. The toxicities at a reduced dose of 125 μg/m2 given as a continuous infusion appear to be similar to those seen in patients receiving GM-CSF as a 2-h infusion.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Bone marrow transplantation|
|State||Published - Jun 1 1996|
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