Use of cardiopulmonary bypass, high-dose epinephrine, and standard-dose epinephrine in resuscitation from post-countershock electromechanical dissociation

Daniel J DeBehnke, Mark G. Angelos, James E. Leasure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study objective: To determine the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, high-dose epinephrine, and standard-dose epinephrine on perfusion pressures, myocardial blood flow, and resuscitation from post-countershock electromechanical dissociation. Design: Prospective, controlled laboratory investigation using a canine cardiac arrest model randomized to receive one of three resuscitation therapies. Interventions: After the production of post-countershock electromechanical dissociation, 25 animals received ten minutes of basic CPR and were randomized to receive cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, high-dose epinephrine, or standard-dose epinephrine. Measurements and main results: Myocardial blood flow was measured using a colored microsphere technique at baseline, during basic CPR, and after intervention. Immediate and two-hour resuscitation rates were determined for each group. Return of spontaneous circulation was achieved in eight of eight cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine compared with four of eight high-dose epinephrine and three of eight standard-dose epinephrine animals (P < .04). One animal was resuscitated with CPR alone and was excluded. Survival to two hours was achieved in five of eight cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, four of eight high-dose epinephrine, and three of eight standard-dose epinephrine animals (NS). Coronary perfusion pressure increased significantly in the cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine group when compared with the other groups (cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, 76±45 mm Hg; high-dose epinephrine, 24 ± 12 mm Hg; standard-dose epinephrine, 3 ±14 mm Hg; P < .005). Myocardial blood flow was higher in cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine and high-dose epinephrine animals compared with standard-dose epinephrine animals but did not reach statistical significance. Cardiac output increased during cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine (P = .001) and standard-dose epinephrine (NS) compared with basic CPR but decreased after epinephrine administration in the high-dose epinephrine group (NS). Conclusion: Resuscitation from electromechanical dissociation was improved with cardiopulmonary bypass and epinephrine compared with high-dose epinephrine or standard-dose epinephrine alone. However, there was no difference in survival between groups. Cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine resulted in higher cardiac output, coronary perfusion pressure, and a trend toward higher myocardial blood flow. A short period of cardiopulmonary bypass with epinephrine after prolonged post-countershock electromechanical dissociation cardiac arrest can re-establish sufficient circulation to effect successful early resuscitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1051-1057
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of emergency medicine
Volume21
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

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Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Resuscitation
Epinephrine
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Perfusion
Heart Arrest
High Cardiac Output

Keywords

  • cardiopulmonary bypass
  • cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • electromechanical dissociation
  • epinephrine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

Use of cardiopulmonary bypass, high-dose epinephrine, and standard-dose epinephrine in resuscitation from post-countershock electromechanical dissociation. / DeBehnke, Daniel J; Angelos, Mark G.; Leasure, James E.

In: Annals of emergency medicine, Vol. 21, No. 9, 01.01.1992, p. 1051-1057.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Study objective: To determine the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, high-dose epinephrine, and standard-dose epinephrine on perfusion pressures, myocardial blood flow, and resuscitation from post-countershock electromechanical dissociation. Design: Prospective, controlled laboratory investigation using a canine cardiac arrest model randomized to receive one of three resuscitation therapies. Interventions: After the production of post-countershock electromechanical dissociation, 25 animals received ten minutes of basic CPR and were randomized to receive cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, high-dose epinephrine, or standard-dose epinephrine. Measurements and main results: Myocardial blood flow was measured using a colored microsphere technique at baseline, during basic CPR, and after intervention. Immediate and two-hour resuscitation rates were determined for each group. Return of spontaneous circulation was achieved in eight of eight cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine compared with four of eight high-dose epinephrine and three of eight standard-dose epinephrine animals (P < .04). One animal was resuscitated with CPR alone and was excluded. Survival to two hours was achieved in five of eight cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, four of eight high-dose epinephrine, and three of eight standard-dose epinephrine animals (NS). Coronary perfusion pressure increased significantly in the cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine group when compared with the other groups (cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, 76±45 mm Hg; high-dose epinephrine, 24 ± 12 mm Hg; standard-dose epinephrine, 3 ±14 mm Hg; P < .005). Myocardial blood flow was higher in cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine and high-dose epinephrine animals compared with standard-dose epinephrine animals but did not reach statistical significance. Cardiac output increased during cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine (P = .001) and standard-dose epinephrine (NS) compared with basic CPR but decreased after epinephrine administration in the high-dose epinephrine group (NS). Conclusion: Resuscitation from electromechanical dissociation was improved with cardiopulmonary bypass and epinephrine compared with high-dose epinephrine or standard-dose epinephrine alone. However, there was no difference in survival between groups. Cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine resulted in higher cardiac output, coronary perfusion pressure, and a trend toward higher myocardial blood flow. A short period of cardiopulmonary bypass with epinephrine after prolonged post-countershock electromechanical dissociation cardiac arrest can re-establish sufficient circulation to effect successful early resuscitation.",
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N2 - Study objective: To determine the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, high-dose epinephrine, and standard-dose epinephrine on perfusion pressures, myocardial blood flow, and resuscitation from post-countershock electromechanical dissociation. Design: Prospective, controlled laboratory investigation using a canine cardiac arrest model randomized to receive one of three resuscitation therapies. Interventions: After the production of post-countershock electromechanical dissociation, 25 animals received ten minutes of basic CPR and were randomized to receive cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, high-dose epinephrine, or standard-dose epinephrine. Measurements and main results: Myocardial blood flow was measured using a colored microsphere technique at baseline, during basic CPR, and after intervention. Immediate and two-hour resuscitation rates were determined for each group. Return of spontaneous circulation was achieved in eight of eight cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine compared with four of eight high-dose epinephrine and three of eight standard-dose epinephrine animals (P < .04). One animal was resuscitated with CPR alone and was excluded. Survival to two hours was achieved in five of eight cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, four of eight high-dose epinephrine, and three of eight standard-dose epinephrine animals (NS). Coronary perfusion pressure increased significantly in the cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine group when compared with the other groups (cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, 76±45 mm Hg; high-dose epinephrine, 24 ± 12 mm Hg; standard-dose epinephrine, 3 ±14 mm Hg; P < .005). Myocardial blood flow was higher in cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine and high-dose epinephrine animals compared with standard-dose epinephrine animals but did not reach statistical significance. Cardiac output increased during cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine (P = .001) and standard-dose epinephrine (NS) compared with basic CPR but decreased after epinephrine administration in the high-dose epinephrine group (NS). Conclusion: Resuscitation from electromechanical dissociation was improved with cardiopulmonary bypass and epinephrine compared with high-dose epinephrine or standard-dose epinephrine alone. However, there was no difference in survival between groups. Cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine resulted in higher cardiac output, coronary perfusion pressure, and a trend toward higher myocardial blood flow. A short period of cardiopulmonary bypass with epinephrine after prolonged post-countershock electromechanical dissociation cardiac arrest can re-establish sufficient circulation to effect successful early resuscitation.

AB - Study objective: To determine the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, high-dose epinephrine, and standard-dose epinephrine on perfusion pressures, myocardial blood flow, and resuscitation from post-countershock electromechanical dissociation. Design: Prospective, controlled laboratory investigation using a canine cardiac arrest model randomized to receive one of three resuscitation therapies. Interventions: After the production of post-countershock electromechanical dissociation, 25 animals received ten minutes of basic CPR and were randomized to receive cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, high-dose epinephrine, or standard-dose epinephrine. Measurements and main results: Myocardial blood flow was measured using a colored microsphere technique at baseline, during basic CPR, and after intervention. Immediate and two-hour resuscitation rates were determined for each group. Return of spontaneous circulation was achieved in eight of eight cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine compared with four of eight high-dose epinephrine and three of eight standard-dose epinephrine animals (P < .04). One animal was resuscitated with CPR alone and was excluded. Survival to two hours was achieved in five of eight cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, four of eight high-dose epinephrine, and three of eight standard-dose epinephrine animals (NS). Coronary perfusion pressure increased significantly in the cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine group when compared with the other groups (cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine, 76±45 mm Hg; high-dose epinephrine, 24 ± 12 mm Hg; standard-dose epinephrine, 3 ±14 mm Hg; P < .005). Myocardial blood flow was higher in cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine and high-dose epinephrine animals compared with standard-dose epinephrine animals but did not reach statistical significance. Cardiac output increased during cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine (P = .001) and standard-dose epinephrine (NS) compared with basic CPR but decreased after epinephrine administration in the high-dose epinephrine group (NS). Conclusion: Resuscitation from electromechanical dissociation was improved with cardiopulmonary bypass and epinephrine compared with high-dose epinephrine or standard-dose epinephrine alone. However, there was no difference in survival between groups. Cardiopulmonary bypass with standard-dose epinephrine resulted in higher cardiac output, coronary perfusion pressure, and a trend toward higher myocardial blood flow. A short period of cardiopulmonary bypass with epinephrine after prolonged post-countershock electromechanical dissociation cardiac arrest can re-establish sufficient circulation to effect successful early resuscitation.

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