Use of a novel cell adhesion method and digital measurement to show stimulus-dependent variation in somatic and oral ciliary beat frequency in paramecium

Wade E. Bell, Richard Hallworth, Todd A. Wyatt, Joseph H. Sisson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


When Paramecium encounters positive stimuli, the membrane hyperpolarizes and ciliary beat frequency increases. We adapted an established immobilization protocol using a biological adhesive and a novel digital analysis system to quantify beat frequency in immobilized Paramecium. Cells showed low mortality and demonstrated beat frequencies consistent with previous studies. Chemoattractant molecules, reduction in external potassium, and posterior stimulation all increased somatic beat frequency. In all cases, the oral groove cilia maintained a higher beat frequency than mid-body cilia, but only oral cilia from cells stimulated with chemoattactants showed an increase from basal levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-148
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015



  • Cell immobilization
  • chemoattraction
  • ciliates
  • hyperpolarization
  • membrane potential
  • potassium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology

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