The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of growth hormone (GH) treatment on bone resorption in children with GH deficiency and those with idiopathic short stature. The study population included seven children with subnormal spontaneous GH secretion and 13 children with idiopathic short stature, all of them pre-pubertal. Anthropometric measurements, free, protein-bound and total urinary pyridinoline (Pyd) and deoxypyridinoline (Dpd), serum GH, and serum immunoreactive PTH were measured at baseline and months 1, 3, 6 and 12 of GH treatment. The urinary excretion of total Pyd and Dpd, standardized by the cube of height (m3) in overnight, 24-hour urine collections was not different from age-matched healthy controls at baseline in either group of patients. During treatment with human recombinant GH, both pyridinium crosslinks increased above normal values, reaching a peak after one month in children with GH deficiency and later (after 3-6 months) in children with short stature. Free and total crosslink forms were correlated, and GH treatment did not affect the proportion of free to bound crosslinks. Serum concentrations of iPTH showed a moderate but not statistically significant increase. This study provides no evidence of reduced bone resorption in untreated GH deficiency or in idiopathic short stature. GH treatment induced a marked, but temporary, increase of bone resorption in both groups of patients.
- Bone metabolism
- Growth hormone
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism