Unusual presentation of "extracavitary" primary effusion lymphoma in previously unknown HIV disease

Bruno C. Medeiros, Lori J. Maness, Frank A. Bauer, Jack W. Ross, Dinesh Kapur

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Human herpes virus, type 8, also called Kaposi's sarcoma-associated virus, is associated with primary effusion lymphoma, an uncommon and unusual subset of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related lymphomas mostly confined to body cavities, which primarily affects human immunodeficiency virus-positive men. We report the case of a 40-year-old male with primary effusion lymphoma that presented initially with generalized lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly, followed by pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade, in a previously undiagnosed human immunodeficiency virus patient. Cytomorphological studies disclosed a large-cell lymphoma with a population of cells demonstrating intermediate CD45 expression and partial coexpression of CD20 and CD23 markers, as well as universal expression of HLA-DR, CD71, CD38, and CD-30. Molecular studies showed clonal B-cell gene rearrangements and molecular evidence of human herpes virus, type 8. This case stresses the necessity, even in the absence of the 'classical clinical features,' of molecular testing for human herpes virus, type 8 in a subset of patients with high risk for human herpes virus, type 8-associated lymphomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)591-594
Number of pages4
JournalConnecticut Medicine
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2000


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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