Unusual perpendicular anisotropy in Co2TiSi films

Yunlong Jin, Shah Valloppilly, Parashu Kharel, Rohit Pathak, Arti Kashyap, Ralph Skomski, David J Sellmyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Thin films of Co2TiSi on MgO are investigated experimentally and theoretically. The films were produced by magnetron sputtering on MgO(0 0 1) and have a thickness of about 100 nm. As bulk Co2TiSi, they crystallize in the normal cubic Heusler (L21) structure, but the films are slightly distorted (c/a = 1.0014) and contain some antisite disorder. The films exhibit a robust perpendicular anisotropy of 0.5 MJ m-3. This result is surprising for several reasons. First, surface and interface anisotropies are too small to explain perpendicular anisotropy in such rather thick films. Second, Co2TiSi has a substantial magnetization and crystallizes in a cubic Heusler structure, so that conventional wisdom predicts a preferential magnetization direction in the film plane rather than perpendicular. Third, the lattice strain of 0.14% is unable to account for the perpendicular anisotropy. We explain the perpendicular anisotropy as a quasicubic symmetry breaking chemical-ordering effect promoted by the substrate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number035001
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 16 2019

Fingerprint

Anisotropy
anisotropy
Magnetization
magnetization
chemical effects
Thick films
Magnetron sputtering
thick films
broken symmetry
magnetron sputtering
disorders
Thin films
Substrates
thin films

Keywords

  • Heusler alloy
  • epitaxial thin films
  • perpendicular magnetic anisotropy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Jin, Y., Valloppilly, S., Kharel, P., Pathak, R., Kashyap, A., Skomski, R., & Sellmyer, D. J. (2019). Unusual perpendicular anisotropy in Co2TiSi films. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 52(3), [035001]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/aae80f

Unusual perpendicular anisotropy in Co2TiSi films. / Jin, Yunlong; Valloppilly, Shah; Kharel, Parashu; Pathak, Rohit; Kashyap, Arti; Skomski, Ralph; Sellmyer, David J.

In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 52, No. 3, 035001, 16.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jin, Y, Valloppilly, S, Kharel, P, Pathak, R, Kashyap, A, Skomski, R & Sellmyer, DJ 2019, 'Unusual perpendicular anisotropy in Co2TiSi films', Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 52, no. 3, 035001. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/aae80f
Jin Y, Valloppilly S, Kharel P, Pathak R, Kashyap A, Skomski R et al. Unusual perpendicular anisotropy in Co2TiSi films. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 2019 Jan 16;52(3). 035001. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/aae80f
Jin, Yunlong ; Valloppilly, Shah ; Kharel, Parashu ; Pathak, Rohit ; Kashyap, Arti ; Skomski, Ralph ; Sellmyer, David J. / Unusual perpendicular anisotropy in Co2TiSi films. In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 2019 ; Vol. 52, No. 3.
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