Understanding parole officers' responses to sanctioning reform

Benjamin M Steiner, Lawrence F. Travis, Matthew D. Makarios

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There are constant calls for reform in the criminal justice system, but observers have often reported that criminal justice reform is an exceptionally challenging task. As with any organizational change, resistance to new policies, procedures, and practices comes from a variety of sources. The relatively broad discretionary authority vested in line-level personnel often contributes to the difficulty associated with implementing change in criminal justice agencies. There is ample evidence that line staff resistance to organizational reform can undermine the implementation of organizational change. In this study, the authors examine the effects of the state of Ohio's transition to graduated sanctioning guidelines on parole officers-in particular, how these reforms were perceived by the key actors in the sanctioning process: parole officers. Findings from a statewide survey revealed that officers were generally dissatisfied with the restrictions on their discretion resulting from the reform. Analyses revealed that organizational factors such as officers' perceptions concerning how the sanctioning policy was implemented and its intended purposes were more influential than individual characteristics in shaping officers' views concerning the efficacy of the reform.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-246
Number of pages25
JournalCrime and Delinquency
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

Fingerprint

Criminal Law
Organizational Innovation
reform
justice
organizational change
Guidelines
personnel
staff
evidence

Keywords

  • organizational change
  • parole
  • reform
  • sanction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

Cite this

Understanding parole officers' responses to sanctioning reform. / Steiner, Benjamin M; Travis, Lawrence F.; Makarios, Matthew D.

In: Crime and Delinquency, Vol. 57, No. 2, 01.03.2011, p. 222-246.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Steiner, Benjamin M ; Travis, Lawrence F. ; Makarios, Matthew D. / Understanding parole officers' responses to sanctioning reform. In: Crime and Delinquency. 2011 ; Vol. 57, No. 2. pp. 222-246.
@article{8d2284e4357b4978a35eb82367f7302c,
title = "Understanding parole officers' responses to sanctioning reform",
abstract = "There are constant calls for reform in the criminal justice system, but observers have often reported that criminal justice reform is an exceptionally challenging task. As with any organizational change, resistance to new policies, procedures, and practices comes from a variety of sources. The relatively broad discretionary authority vested in line-level personnel often contributes to the difficulty associated with implementing change in criminal justice agencies. There is ample evidence that line staff resistance to organizational reform can undermine the implementation of organizational change. In this study, the authors examine the effects of the state of Ohio's transition to graduated sanctioning guidelines on parole officers-in particular, how these reforms were perceived by the key actors in the sanctioning process: parole officers. Findings from a statewide survey revealed that officers were generally dissatisfied with the restrictions on their discretion resulting from the reform. Analyses revealed that organizational factors such as officers' perceptions concerning how the sanctioning policy was implemented and its intended purposes were more influential than individual characteristics in shaping officers' views concerning the efficacy of the reform.",
keywords = "organizational change, parole, reform, sanction",
author = "Steiner, {Benjamin M} and Travis, {Lawrence F.} and Makarios, {Matthew D.}",
year = "2011",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0011128709343141",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "57",
pages = "222--246",
journal = "Crime and Delinquency",
issn = "0011-1287",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Understanding parole officers' responses to sanctioning reform

AU - Steiner, Benjamin M

AU - Travis, Lawrence F.

AU - Makarios, Matthew D.

PY - 2011/3/1

Y1 - 2011/3/1

N2 - There are constant calls for reform in the criminal justice system, but observers have often reported that criminal justice reform is an exceptionally challenging task. As with any organizational change, resistance to new policies, procedures, and practices comes from a variety of sources. The relatively broad discretionary authority vested in line-level personnel often contributes to the difficulty associated with implementing change in criminal justice agencies. There is ample evidence that line staff resistance to organizational reform can undermine the implementation of organizational change. In this study, the authors examine the effects of the state of Ohio's transition to graduated sanctioning guidelines on parole officers-in particular, how these reforms were perceived by the key actors in the sanctioning process: parole officers. Findings from a statewide survey revealed that officers were generally dissatisfied with the restrictions on their discretion resulting from the reform. Analyses revealed that organizational factors such as officers' perceptions concerning how the sanctioning policy was implemented and its intended purposes were more influential than individual characteristics in shaping officers' views concerning the efficacy of the reform.

AB - There are constant calls for reform in the criminal justice system, but observers have often reported that criminal justice reform is an exceptionally challenging task. As with any organizational change, resistance to new policies, procedures, and practices comes from a variety of sources. The relatively broad discretionary authority vested in line-level personnel often contributes to the difficulty associated with implementing change in criminal justice agencies. There is ample evidence that line staff resistance to organizational reform can undermine the implementation of organizational change. In this study, the authors examine the effects of the state of Ohio's transition to graduated sanctioning guidelines on parole officers-in particular, how these reforms were perceived by the key actors in the sanctioning process: parole officers. Findings from a statewide survey revealed that officers were generally dissatisfied with the restrictions on their discretion resulting from the reform. Analyses revealed that organizational factors such as officers' perceptions concerning how the sanctioning policy was implemented and its intended purposes were more influential than individual characteristics in shaping officers' views concerning the efficacy of the reform.

KW - organizational change

KW - parole

KW - reform

KW - sanction

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79952336857&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79952336857&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0011128709343141

DO - 10.1177/0011128709343141

M3 - Article

VL - 57

SP - 222

EP - 246

JO - Crime and Delinquency

JF - Crime and Delinquency

SN - 0011-1287

IS - 2

ER -