Understanding Daily Depression, Drinking, and Marijuana Use Among Homeless Youth Using Short Message Service Surveying

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We used short message service surveying (SMS) with 150 homeless youths to examine the time ordering of feeling depressed with drinking alcohol, using marijuana, and using substances with friends. Multilevel binary logistic regression results revealed that youths who were depressed earlier in the day were more likely to drink alcohol later that day. Among depressed youths, heterosexual youths were less likely to drink alcohol than lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths. Depressed youths had increased odds of using marijuana by a factor of 1.6, while heterosexual youths, compared to LGB youths, were 80% less likely to use marijuana. Females were 82% less likely and heterosexual youths 75% less likely to use substances with friends compared to males and LGB youths, respectively. These findings improve upon prior retrospective studies by using SMS to understand time ordering between feeling depressed and substance use in the same day.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-179
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 4 2019

Fingerprint

Text Messaging
Homeless Youth
SMS
Cannabis
Drinking
Depression
Heterosexuality
alcohol
Emotions
Alcohols
Sexual Minorities
Alcohol Drinking
Retrospective Studies
Logistic Models
logistics

Keywords

  • alcohol
  • homeless youth
  • marijuana
  • peers
  • short message service surveying

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Psychology(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Understanding Daily Depression, Drinking, and Marijuana Use Among Homeless Youth Using Short Message Service Surveying",
abstract = "We used short message service surveying (SMS) with 150 homeless youths to examine the time ordering of feeling depressed with drinking alcohol, using marijuana, and using substances with friends. Multilevel binary logistic regression results revealed that youths who were depressed earlier in the day were more likely to drink alcohol later that day. Among depressed youths, heterosexual youths were less likely to drink alcohol than lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths. Depressed youths had increased odds of using marijuana by a factor of 1.6, while heterosexual youths, compared to LGB youths, were 80{\%} less likely to use marijuana. Females were 82{\%} less likely and heterosexual youths 75{\%} less likely to use substances with friends compared to males and LGB youths, respectively. These findings improve upon prior retrospective studies by using SMS to understand time ordering between feeling depressed and substance use in the same day.",
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