The light-speed propagation of a focused femtosecond (fs) laser pulse in air was recorded by a pump–probe shadowgraph imaging technique with femtosecond time resolution. The ultrafast dynamics of the laser-ionized electrons were studied, which revealed a strong reshaping of the laser field due to laser–air nonlinear interaction. The influence of laser fluence and focusing conditions on the pulse reshaping was studied, and it was found that: (1) double foci are formed due to the refocusing effect when the laser fluence is higher than 500 J/cm2 and the focusing numeric aperture (NA) is higher than 0.30; and (2) a higher NA focusing lens can better inhibit the prefocusing effect and nonlinear distortion in the Gaussian beam waist.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1 2016|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)