Two-Dimensional Gold Sulfide Monolayers with Direct Band Gap and Ultrahigh Electron Mobility

Qisheng Wu, Wen Wu Xu, Dongdong Lin, Jinlan Wang, Xiao C Zeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It remains a pressing task to search for new two-dimensional (2D) semiconducting materials for future-generation electronic applications. By using density functional theory computations and global structure prediction methods, we demonstrate two new gold sulfide monolayers (2D Au2S and AuS), both exhibiting excellent electronic properties and high stabilities. All the gold sulfide monolayers are semiconductors with band gaps in the range 1.0-3.6 eV. In particular, the α-Au2S monolayer is predicted to possess a direct band gap of 1.0 eV and extremely high electron and hole mobilities of 8.45 × 104 and 0.40 × 104 cm2 V-1 S-1, respectively. The phonon dispersion calculations and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations indicate that the gold sulfide monolayers exhibit robust dynamical and thermal stabilities. Moreover, the α-Au2S monolayer appears to show strong oxidation resistibility. The novel electronic properties, coupled with structural and chemical stabilities, endow the new gold sulfide monolayers to be highly promising for future applications in nanoelectronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3773-3778
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume10
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 5 2019

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Electron mobility
Sulfides
electron mobility
Gold
sulfides
Monolayers
Energy gap
gold
electronics
Electronic properties
hole mobility
structural stability
pressing
Hole mobility
thermal stability
Nanoelectronics
Chemical stability
molecular dynamics
density functional theory
oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Two-Dimensional Gold Sulfide Monolayers with Direct Band Gap and Ultrahigh Electron Mobility. / Wu, Qisheng; Xu, Wen Wu; Lin, Dongdong; Wang, Jinlan; Zeng, Xiao C.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 10, No. 13, 05.07.2019, p. 3773-3778.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wu, Qisheng ; Xu, Wen Wu ; Lin, Dongdong ; Wang, Jinlan ; Zeng, Xiao C. / Two-Dimensional Gold Sulfide Monolayers with Direct Band Gap and Ultrahigh Electron Mobility. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. 13. pp. 3773-3778.
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