Turning a deaf ear to fear: Impaired recognition of vocal affect in psychopathic individuals

R. James R. Blair, Derek G.V. Mitchell, Rebecca A. Richell, Steve Kelly, Alan Leonard, Chris Newman, Sophie K. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

126 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The processing of emotional expressions is fundamental for normal socialization and interaction. Reduced responsiveness to the expressions of sadness and fear has been implicated in the development of psychopathy (R. J. R. Blair, 1995). The current study investigates the ability of adult psychopathic individuals to process vocal affect. Psychopathic and nonpsychopathic adults, defined by the Hare Psychopathy Checklist - Revised (PCL-R; R. D. Hare, 1991), were presented with neutral words spoken with intonations conveying happiness, disgust, anger, sadness, and fear and were asked to identify the emotion of the speaker on the basis of prosody. The results indicated that psychopathic inmates were particularly impaired in the recognition of fearful vocal affect. These results are interpreted with reference to the low-fear and violence inhibition mechanism models of psychopathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)682-686
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
Volume111
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2002

Fingerprint

Fear
Hares
Happiness
Aptitude
Socialization
Anger
Checklist
Violence
Emotions
Recognition (Psychology)
Psychopathy
Inhibition (Psychology)
Fundamental
Disgust
Spoken Word
Prosody
Intonation
Responsiveness
Interaction
Emotional Expression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Turning a deaf ear to fear : Impaired recognition of vocal affect in psychopathic individuals. / Blair, R. James R.; Mitchell, Derek G.V.; Richell, Rebecca A.; Kelly, Steve; Leonard, Alan; Newman, Chris; Scott, Sophie K.

In: Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol. 111, No. 4, 11.2002, p. 682-686.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Blair, R. James R. ; Mitchell, Derek G.V. ; Richell, Rebecca A. ; Kelly, Steve ; Leonard, Alan ; Newman, Chris ; Scott, Sophie K. / Turning a deaf ear to fear : Impaired recognition of vocal affect in psychopathic individuals. In: Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 2002 ; Vol. 111, No. 4. pp. 682-686.
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