Trends in the match rate and composition of candidates matching into categorical general surgery residency positions in the United States

Chandrakanth Are, Hugh Stoddard, Lauren A. Carpenter, Brigid O'Holleran, Jon S Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


Background The aim of this study was to analyze the trends in the proportion of students from various educational backgrounds who matched into categorical general surgery (GS) residency positions. Methods National Resident Matching Program reports (1994 to 2014) were analyzed, and regression was used to estimate the trends for each group. Results The match rate into GS-categorical residency has remained stable; however, since 1994, we witnessed a 13% decrease in US seniors matching into GS. This has corresponded to proportional increases in matches for US citizens from international medical schools (US IMG, 1350%) and a 62% increase for non-US citizen international medical graduates (non-US IMG) into GS. In comparison, US IMG matches into all first-year postgraduate positions increased by 468%, whereas non-US IMG matches decreased by 15%. Conclusions The stable match rates into categorical GS residencies are not because of US seniors but rather because of a rise in the number of IMGs. In contrast to the decreased reliance on non-US IMGs in all other specialties, GS is accepting a larger proportion of non-US IMGs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-194
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017



  • Categorical positions
  • General surgery
  • IMGs
  • NRMP match
  • Residency
  • US seniors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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