Tree nut and peanut consumption in relation to chronic and metabolic diseases including allergy

Paul A. Davis, Mazda Jenab, John P. Vanden Heuvel, Terence Furlong, Steve Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The New and Emerging Research session highlighted the emerging understanding of both the positive and negative effects of nuts consumption on health. The limited nature of both experimental and epidemiological evidence for positive relationship(s) between nut intake and health were noted. Study inconsistency and limitations, particularly survey methodology, were explored. Recent results from epidemiologic studies indicating a potential negative association between nut and seed intake and cancer risk were reviewed. The ability of walnuts to reduce endothelin suggests an interesting biochemical mechanism of nut action that may affect other endothelin-associated diseases, which should be further explored. The effects of nuts and their constituents on a nuclear receptor screen (PPARα, β/δ, γ, LXRα, β, RXRα, β, γ, PXR, and FXR) have been explored. Nut allergenicity and approaches necessary to minimize this effect were also described. In contrast to the positive effects, nut allergies present tree nut-allergic consumers with health challenges. The Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network stressed the importance of ensuring that consumers with food allergies have legible, accurate food labels. The Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act has engendered precautionary, worst-case allergen scenario labeling statements with unknown benefits to consumer health. Issues of cross-contamination due to shared equipment and shared facilities highlighted the need to rely on allergen control programs that use ELISA technology and have increased understanding of nut allergens. Ultimately, to maximize the positive benefits of nuts, the consumer must be provided with all the information required to make an informed choice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1757S-1762S
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume138
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

Fingerprint

Nuts
Metabolic Diseases
metabolic diseases
chronic diseases
nuts
hypersensitivity
peanuts
Hypersensitivity
Chronic Disease
Allergens
Nut Hypersensitivity
allergens
food allergies
Food Hypersensitivity
Endothelins
Health
endothelins
Food Labeling
Juglans
Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Davis, P. A., Jenab, M., Vanden Heuvel, J. P., Furlong, T., & Taylor, S. (2008). Tree nut and peanut consumption in relation to chronic and metabolic diseases including allergy. Journal of Nutrition, 138(9), 1757S-1762S.

Tree nut and peanut consumption in relation to chronic and metabolic diseases including allergy. / Davis, Paul A.; Jenab, Mazda; Vanden Heuvel, John P.; Furlong, Terence; Taylor, Steve.

In: Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 138, No. 9, 01.09.2008, p. 1757S-1762S.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davis, PA, Jenab, M, Vanden Heuvel, JP, Furlong, T & Taylor, S 2008, 'Tree nut and peanut consumption in relation to chronic and metabolic diseases including allergy', Journal of Nutrition, vol. 138, no. 9, pp. 1757S-1762S.
Davis, Paul A. ; Jenab, Mazda ; Vanden Heuvel, John P. ; Furlong, Terence ; Taylor, Steve. / Tree nut and peanut consumption in relation to chronic and metabolic diseases including allergy. In: Journal of Nutrition. 2008 ; Vol. 138, No. 9. pp. 1757S-1762S.
@article{5ff6a51e9c4c4fbb841f0bb4977166cc,
title = "Tree nut and peanut consumption in relation to chronic and metabolic diseases including allergy",
abstract = "The New and Emerging Research session highlighted the emerging understanding of both the positive and negative effects of nuts consumption on health. The limited nature of both experimental and epidemiological evidence for positive relationship(s) between nut intake and health were noted. Study inconsistency and limitations, particularly survey methodology, were explored. Recent results from epidemiologic studies indicating a potential negative association between nut and seed intake and cancer risk were reviewed. The ability of walnuts to reduce endothelin suggests an interesting biochemical mechanism of nut action that may affect other endothelin-associated diseases, which should be further explored. The effects of nuts and their constituents on a nuclear receptor screen (PPARα, β/δ, γ, LXRα, β, RXRα, β, γ, PXR, and FXR) have been explored. Nut allergenicity and approaches necessary to minimize this effect were also described. In contrast to the positive effects, nut allergies present tree nut-allergic consumers with health challenges. The Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network stressed the importance of ensuring that consumers with food allergies have legible, accurate food labels. The Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act has engendered precautionary, worst-case allergen scenario labeling statements with unknown benefits to consumer health. Issues of cross-contamination due to shared equipment and shared facilities highlighted the need to rely on allergen control programs that use ELISA technology and have increased understanding of nut allergens. Ultimately, to maximize the positive benefits of nuts, the consumer must be provided with all the information required to make an informed choice.",
author = "Davis, {Paul A.} and Mazda Jenab and {Vanden Heuvel}, {John P.} and Terence Furlong and Steve Taylor",
year = "2008",
month = "9",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "138",
pages = "1757S--1762S",
journal = "The Journal of nutrition",
issn = "0022-3166",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tree nut and peanut consumption in relation to chronic and metabolic diseases including allergy

AU - Davis, Paul A.

AU - Jenab, Mazda

AU - Vanden Heuvel, John P.

AU - Furlong, Terence

AU - Taylor, Steve

PY - 2008/9/1

Y1 - 2008/9/1

N2 - The New and Emerging Research session highlighted the emerging understanding of both the positive and negative effects of nuts consumption on health. The limited nature of both experimental and epidemiological evidence for positive relationship(s) between nut intake and health were noted. Study inconsistency and limitations, particularly survey methodology, were explored. Recent results from epidemiologic studies indicating a potential negative association between nut and seed intake and cancer risk were reviewed. The ability of walnuts to reduce endothelin suggests an interesting biochemical mechanism of nut action that may affect other endothelin-associated diseases, which should be further explored. The effects of nuts and their constituents on a nuclear receptor screen (PPARα, β/δ, γ, LXRα, β, RXRα, β, γ, PXR, and FXR) have been explored. Nut allergenicity and approaches necessary to minimize this effect were also described. In contrast to the positive effects, nut allergies present tree nut-allergic consumers with health challenges. The Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network stressed the importance of ensuring that consumers with food allergies have legible, accurate food labels. The Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act has engendered precautionary, worst-case allergen scenario labeling statements with unknown benefits to consumer health. Issues of cross-contamination due to shared equipment and shared facilities highlighted the need to rely on allergen control programs that use ELISA technology and have increased understanding of nut allergens. Ultimately, to maximize the positive benefits of nuts, the consumer must be provided with all the information required to make an informed choice.

AB - The New and Emerging Research session highlighted the emerging understanding of both the positive and negative effects of nuts consumption on health. The limited nature of both experimental and epidemiological evidence for positive relationship(s) between nut intake and health were noted. Study inconsistency and limitations, particularly survey methodology, were explored. Recent results from epidemiologic studies indicating a potential negative association between nut and seed intake and cancer risk were reviewed. The ability of walnuts to reduce endothelin suggests an interesting biochemical mechanism of nut action that may affect other endothelin-associated diseases, which should be further explored. The effects of nuts and their constituents on a nuclear receptor screen (PPARα, β/δ, γ, LXRα, β, RXRα, β, γ, PXR, and FXR) have been explored. Nut allergenicity and approaches necessary to minimize this effect were also described. In contrast to the positive effects, nut allergies present tree nut-allergic consumers with health challenges. The Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network stressed the importance of ensuring that consumers with food allergies have legible, accurate food labels. The Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act has engendered precautionary, worst-case allergen scenario labeling statements with unknown benefits to consumer health. Issues of cross-contamination due to shared equipment and shared facilities highlighted the need to rely on allergen control programs that use ELISA technology and have increased understanding of nut allergens. Ultimately, to maximize the positive benefits of nuts, the consumer must be provided with all the information required to make an informed choice.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=51049112479&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=51049112479&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 18716182

AN - SCOPUS:51049112479

VL - 138

SP - 1757S-1762S

JO - The Journal of nutrition

JF - The Journal of nutrition

SN - 0022-3166

IS - 9

ER -