Treatment with dimethylthiourea prevents impaired dilatation of the basilar artery during diabetes mellitus

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Abstract

The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that the synthesis/release of hydroxyl radical accounts for impaired nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of the basilar artery during diabetes mellitus. We measured the diameter of the basilar artery in vivo in nondiabetic and diabetic rats (streptozotocin, 50-60 mg/kg ip) in response to nitric oxide synthase-dependent agonists (acetylcholine and substance P) and a nitric oxide synthase-independent agonist (nitroglycerin). Reactivity of the basilar artery was measured in untreated nondiabetic and diabetic rats and in nondiabetic and diabetic rats treated with a daily intraperitoneal injection of dimethyl-thiourea (DMTU; 50 mg/kg). Injection of DMTU was started 48 h after injection of streptozotocin and was continued throughout the diabetic period (3-4 wk). Topical application of acetylcholine (0.1, 1.0, and 10 μM) and substance P (0.1 and 1.0 μM) produced similar dilatation of the basilar artery in untreated and DMTU-treated nondiabetic rats. In untreated diabetic rats, the magnitude of vasodilation produced by acetylcholine and substance P was significantly less than in untreated nondiabetic rats. However, in DMTU- treated diabetic rats, dilatation of the basilar artery in response to acetylcholine and substance P was similar to that observed in nondiabetic rats. Dilatation of the basilar artery in response to nitroglycerin was similar in untreated and DMTU-treated nondiabetic and diabetic rats. These findings suggest that impaired nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of the basilar artery during diabetes mellitus may be related to the synthesis/release of hydroxyl radical.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H1895-H1901
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume274
Issue number6 43-6
StatePublished - Jul 15 1998

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Basilar Artery
Dilatation
Diabetes Mellitus
Substance P
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Acetylcholine
Therapeutics
Nitroglycerin
Streptozocin
Hydroxyl Radical
1,3-dimethylthiourea
Cholinergic Agonists
Thiourea
Injections
Intraperitoneal Injections
Vasodilation

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine
  • Brain
  • Hydroxyl radical
  • N(G)-monomethyl-L- arginine
  • Nitric oxide
  • Nitroglycerin
  • Oxygen radicals
  • Rats
  • Substance P

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Treatment with dimethylthiourea prevents impaired dilatation of the basilar artery during diabetes mellitus",
abstract = "The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that the synthesis/release of hydroxyl radical accounts for impaired nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of the basilar artery during diabetes mellitus. We measured the diameter of the basilar artery in vivo in nondiabetic and diabetic rats (streptozotocin, 50-60 mg/kg ip) in response to nitric oxide synthase-dependent agonists (acetylcholine and substance P) and a nitric oxide synthase-independent agonist (nitroglycerin). Reactivity of the basilar artery was measured in untreated nondiabetic and diabetic rats and in nondiabetic and diabetic rats treated with a daily intraperitoneal injection of dimethyl-thiourea (DMTU; 50 mg/kg). Injection of DMTU was started 48 h after injection of streptozotocin and was continued throughout the diabetic period (3-4 wk). Topical application of acetylcholine (0.1, 1.0, and 10 μM) and substance P (0.1 and 1.0 μM) produced similar dilatation of the basilar artery in untreated and DMTU-treated nondiabetic rats. In untreated diabetic rats, the magnitude of vasodilation produced by acetylcholine and substance P was significantly less than in untreated nondiabetic rats. However, in DMTU- treated diabetic rats, dilatation of the basilar artery in response to acetylcholine and substance P was similar to that observed in nondiabetic rats. Dilatation of the basilar artery in response to nitroglycerin was similar in untreated and DMTU-treated nondiabetic and diabetic rats. These findings suggest that impaired nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of the basilar artery during diabetes mellitus may be related to the synthesis/release of hydroxyl radical.",
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AU - Patel, Kaushik P.

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N2 - The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that the synthesis/release of hydroxyl radical accounts for impaired nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of the basilar artery during diabetes mellitus. We measured the diameter of the basilar artery in vivo in nondiabetic and diabetic rats (streptozotocin, 50-60 mg/kg ip) in response to nitric oxide synthase-dependent agonists (acetylcholine and substance P) and a nitric oxide synthase-independent agonist (nitroglycerin). Reactivity of the basilar artery was measured in untreated nondiabetic and diabetic rats and in nondiabetic and diabetic rats treated with a daily intraperitoneal injection of dimethyl-thiourea (DMTU; 50 mg/kg). Injection of DMTU was started 48 h after injection of streptozotocin and was continued throughout the diabetic period (3-4 wk). Topical application of acetylcholine (0.1, 1.0, and 10 μM) and substance P (0.1 and 1.0 μM) produced similar dilatation of the basilar artery in untreated and DMTU-treated nondiabetic rats. In untreated diabetic rats, the magnitude of vasodilation produced by acetylcholine and substance P was significantly less than in untreated nondiabetic rats. However, in DMTU- treated diabetic rats, dilatation of the basilar artery in response to acetylcholine and substance P was similar to that observed in nondiabetic rats. Dilatation of the basilar artery in response to nitroglycerin was similar in untreated and DMTU-treated nondiabetic and diabetic rats. These findings suggest that impaired nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of the basilar artery during diabetes mellitus may be related to the synthesis/release of hydroxyl radical.

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