Treatment of proper name retrieval deficits in an individual with temporal lobe epilepsy

Irene Minkina, Jeffrey G. Ojemann, Thomas J. Grabowski, Joann P. Silkes, Vaishali S Phatak, Diane L. Kendall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Studies investigating language deficits in individuals with left temporal-lobe epilepsy have consistently demonstrated impairments in proper name retrieval. The aim of this Phase I rehabilitation study was to investigate the effects of a linguistically distributed word retrieval treatment on proper name retrieval in an individual with left temporal- lobe epilepsy. Method: A 61-year old right-handed male with left temporal- lobe epilepsy (clinical onset at the age of 50) and a deficit in proper name retrieval participated in this study. A singlesubject, repeated-probe ABAA design with testing before, immediately after, and 3 months after treatment completion was employed. Proper name retrieval treatment was administered 2 hr per day for 5 days. Results: Results demonstrated improved naming on trained items and maintenance of trained items 3 months after treatment completion. Conclusion: Treatment, which took advantage of the individual's undamaged linguistic networks, promoted the reorganization of networks supporting proper naming, leading to improved proper name retrieval. Further research replicating these findings in individuals with varying degrees of proper name retrieval impairment is warranted. Additionally, the mechanism behind the observed improvements in proper name retrieval needs to be investigated further using functional neuroimaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Speech-Language Pathology
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

Fingerprint

epilepsy
Temporal Lobe Epilepsy
Names
deficit
Therapeutics
Functional Neuroimaging
Linguistics
reorganization
Age of Onset
rehabilitation
Language
Rehabilitation
Maintenance
linguistics
language
Research

Keywords

  • Language
  • Language disorders
  • Proper names
  • Speech-language pathology
  • Temporal lobe epilepsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Treatment of proper name retrieval deficits in an individual with temporal lobe epilepsy. / Minkina, Irene; Ojemann, Jeffrey G.; Grabowski, Thomas J.; Silkes, Joann P.; Phatak, Vaishali S; Kendall, Diane L.

In: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, Vol. 22, No. 2, 01.05.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Minkina, Irene ; Ojemann, Jeffrey G. ; Grabowski, Thomas J. ; Silkes, Joann P. ; Phatak, Vaishali S ; Kendall, Diane L. / Treatment of proper name retrieval deficits in an individual with temporal lobe epilepsy. In: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. 2013 ; Vol. 22, No. 2.
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