Treatment integrity of literacy interventions for students With emotional and/or behavioral disorders: A review of literature

Annette K. Griffith, Kristin Duppong Hurley, Jessica L. Hagaman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

6 Scopus citations


This review examines the treatment integrity data of literacy interventions for students with emotional and/or behavioral disorders (EBD). Forty-four studies published between 1977 and 2005 were examined. Findings indicate that studies focusing on literacy interventions for students with EBD included clear operational definitions and data on treatment integrity to a higher degree than have been found in other disciplines. However, neither were consistently reported and treatment integrity data were still only reported in just over half of the studies. Considerations for future research and reporting are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-255
Number of pages11
JournalRemedial and Special Education
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2009



  • Emotional and behavioral disorders
  • Fidelity
  • Literacy
  • Treatment integrity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this