Transgenic production of epoxy fatty acids by expression of a cytochrome P450 enzyme from Euphorbia lagascae seed

Edgar B Cahoon, Kevin G. Ripp, Sarah E. Hall, Brian McGonigle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Seed oils of a number of Asteraceae and Euphorbiaceae species are enriched in 12-epoxyoctadeca-cis-9-enoic acid (vernolic acid), an unusual 18-carbon Δ12-epoxy fatty acid with potential industrial value. It has been previously demonstrated that the epoxy group of vernolic acid is synthesized by the activity of a Δ12-oleic acid desaturase-like enzyme in seeds of the Asteraceae Crepis palaestina and Vernonia galamensis. In contrast, results from metabolic studies have suggested the involvement of a cytochrome P450 enzyme in vernolic acid synthesis in seeds of the Euphorbiaceae species Euphorbia lagascae. To clarify the biosynthetic origin of vernolic acid in E. lagascae seed, an expressed sequence tag analysis was conducted. Among 1,006 randomly sequenced cDNAs from developing E. lagascae seeds, two identical expressed sequence tags were identified that encode a cytochrome P450 enzyme classified as CYP726A1. Consistent with the seed-specific occurrence of vernolic acid in E. lagascae, mRNA corresponding to the CYP726A1 gene was abundant in developing seeds, but was not detected in leaves. In addition, expression of the E. lagascae CYP726A1 cDNA in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was accompanied by production of vernolic acid in cultures supplied with linoleic acid and an epoxy fatty acid tentatively identified as 12-epoxyoctadeca-9,15-dienoic acid (12-epoxy-18:2Δ9,15) in cultures supplied with α-linolenic acid. Consistent with this, expression of CYP726A1 in transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) callus or somatic soybean (Glycine max) embryos resulted in the accumulation of vernolic acid and 12-epoxy-18:2Δ9,15. Overall, these results conclusively demonstrate that Asteraceae species and the Euphorbiaceae E. lagascae have evolved structurally unrelated enzymes to generate the Δ12-epoxy group of vernolic acid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)615-624
Number of pages10
JournalPlant Physiology
Volume128
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

vernolate
Euphorbia
epoxides
cytochrome P-450
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Seeds
Fatty Acids
genetically modified organisms
fatty acids
Euphorbiaceae
enzymes
seeds
Asteraceae
Expressed Sequence Tags
expressed sequence tags
Soybeans
Tobacco
Crepis
Complementary DNA
Vernonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Transgenic production of epoxy fatty acids by expression of a cytochrome P450 enzyme from Euphorbia lagascae seed. / Cahoon, Edgar B; Ripp, Kevin G.; Hall, Sarah E.; McGonigle, Brian.

In: Plant Physiology, Vol. 128, No. 2, 01.01.2002, p. 615-624.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cahoon, Edgar B ; Ripp, Kevin G. ; Hall, Sarah E. ; McGonigle, Brian. / Transgenic production of epoxy fatty acids by expression of a cytochrome P450 enzyme from Euphorbia lagascae seed. In: Plant Physiology. 2002 ; Vol. 128, No. 2. pp. 615-624.
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