Transformation of human cathelicidin LL-37 into selective, stable, and potent antimicrobial compounds

Guangshun Wang, Mark L. Hanke, Biswajit Mishra, Tamara Lushnikova, Cortney E. Heim, Vinai Chittezham Thomas, Kenneth W Bayles, Tammy L Kielian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

(Figure Presented) This Letter reports a family of novel antimicrobial compounds obtained by combining peptide library screening with structure-based design. Library screening led to the identification of a human LL-37 peptide resistant to chymotrypsin. This D-amino-acid-containing peptide template was active against Escherichia coli but not methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). It possesses a unique nonclassic amphipathic structure with hydrophobic defects. By repairing the hydrophobic defects, the peptide (17BIPHE2) gained activity against the ESKAPE pathogens, including Enterococcus faecium, S. aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumanii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter species. In vitro, 17BIPHE2 could disrupt bacterial membranes and bind to DNA. In vivo, the peptide prevented staphylococcal biofilm formation in a mouse model of catheterassociated infection. Meanwhile, it boosted the innate immune response to further combat the infection. Because these peptides are potent, cell-selective, and stable to several proteases, they may be utilized to combat one or more ESKAPE pathogens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1997-2002
Number of pages6
JournalACS Chemical Biology
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 19 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine

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