Trans Collaborations Clinical Check-In (TC3): Initial Validation of a Clinical Measure for Transgender and Gender Diverse Adults Receiving Psychological Services

Natalie R. Holt, Terrence Z. Huit, Grant P. Shulman, Jane L. Meza, Jolene D. Smyth, Nathan Woodruff, Richard Mocarski, Jae A. Puckett, Debra A. Hope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

One key aspect of evidence-based psychological services is monitoring progress to inform treatment decision making, often using a brief self-report measure. However, no such measure exists to support measurement-based care, given the distinct needs of transgender and gender diverse people (TGD), a group facing large documented health disparities and marginalization in health care. The purpose of the present study was to develop and provide initial psychometric validation of a short, behavioral health progress monitoring self-report measure, the Trans Collaborations Clinical Check-in (TC3). TGD communities, providers identified as TGD-affirmative, and relevant academic experts contributed to item and scale development. The final 18-item version was administered to 215 TGD adults (75 transfeminine, 76 transmasculine, 46 nonbinary, 18 unknown; mean age of 30 with a range of 19 to 73), who were recruited for an online study, with other questionnaires assessing negative affect, well-being, gender dysphoria, gender minority stressors, and resilience. Higher scores on the TC3 (indicating better adjustment and comfort with gender) were generally associated with lower depression, anxiety, minority stress, and gender dysphoria and greater life satisfaction, body congruence, and positive aspects of being TGD such as pride in identity and community belongingness. These results support the validity of the TC3 as a brief measure to be used as a clinical tool for TGD people receiving mental health services. Additional research is needed on the reliability and validity of the TC3 across multiple time points to determine utility as a progress monitoring measure. The TC3 should also be further validated with more culturally diverse samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1136-1149
Number of pages14
JournalBehavior Therapy
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019

Fingerprint

Transgender Persons
Psychology
Reproducibility of Results
Self Report
Social Adjustment
Health
Mental Health Services
Psychometrics
Decision Making
Anxiety
Depression
Delivery of Health Care

Keywords

  • assessment
  • evidence based care
  • measure
  • progress monitoring
  • transgender and gender diverse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Trans Collaborations Clinical Check-In (TC3) : Initial Validation of a Clinical Measure for Transgender and Gender Diverse Adults Receiving Psychological Services. / Holt, Natalie R.; Huit, Terrence Z.; Shulman, Grant P.; Meza, Jane L.; Smyth, Jolene D.; Woodruff, Nathan; Mocarski, Richard; Puckett, Jae A.; Hope, Debra A.

In: Behavior Therapy, Vol. 50, No. 6, 11.2019, p. 1136-1149.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2b366e029b984fca9e93e3c2298689dd,
title = "Trans Collaborations Clinical Check-In (TC3): Initial Validation of a Clinical Measure for Transgender and Gender Diverse Adults Receiving Psychological Services",
abstract = "One key aspect of evidence-based psychological services is monitoring progress to inform treatment decision making, often using a brief self-report measure. However, no such measure exists to support measurement-based care, given the distinct needs of transgender and gender diverse people (TGD), a group facing large documented health disparities and marginalization in health care. The purpose of the present study was to develop and provide initial psychometric validation of a short, behavioral health progress monitoring self-report measure, the Trans Collaborations Clinical Check-in (TC3). TGD communities, providers identified as TGD-affirmative, and relevant academic experts contributed to item and scale development. The final 18-item version was administered to 215 TGD adults (75 transfeminine, 76 transmasculine, 46 nonbinary, 18 unknown; mean age of 30 with a range of 19 to 73), who were recruited for an online study, with other questionnaires assessing negative affect, well-being, gender dysphoria, gender minority stressors, and resilience. Higher scores on the TC3 (indicating better adjustment and comfort with gender) were generally associated with lower depression, anxiety, minority stress, and gender dysphoria and greater life satisfaction, body congruence, and positive aspects of being TGD such as pride in identity and community belongingness. These results support the validity of the TC3 as a brief measure to be used as a clinical tool for TGD people receiving mental health services. Additional research is needed on the reliability and validity of the TC3 across multiple time points to determine utility as a progress monitoring measure. The TC3 should also be further validated with more culturally diverse samples.",
keywords = "assessment, evidence based care, measure, progress monitoring, transgender and gender diverse",
author = "Holt, {Natalie R.} and Huit, {Terrence Z.} and Shulman, {Grant P.} and Meza, {Jane L.} and Smyth, {Jolene D.} and Nathan Woodruff and Richard Mocarski and Puckett, {Jae A.} and Hope, {Debra A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.beth.2019.04.001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "50",
pages = "1136--1149",
journal = "Behavior Therapy",
issn = "0005-7894",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Trans Collaborations Clinical Check-In (TC3)

T2 - Initial Validation of a Clinical Measure for Transgender and Gender Diverse Adults Receiving Psychological Services

AU - Holt, Natalie R.

AU - Huit, Terrence Z.

AU - Shulman, Grant P.

AU - Meza, Jane L.

AU - Smyth, Jolene D.

AU - Woodruff, Nathan

AU - Mocarski, Richard

AU - Puckett, Jae A.

AU - Hope, Debra A.

PY - 2019/11

Y1 - 2019/11

N2 - One key aspect of evidence-based psychological services is monitoring progress to inform treatment decision making, often using a brief self-report measure. However, no such measure exists to support measurement-based care, given the distinct needs of transgender and gender diverse people (TGD), a group facing large documented health disparities and marginalization in health care. The purpose of the present study was to develop and provide initial psychometric validation of a short, behavioral health progress monitoring self-report measure, the Trans Collaborations Clinical Check-in (TC3). TGD communities, providers identified as TGD-affirmative, and relevant academic experts contributed to item and scale development. The final 18-item version was administered to 215 TGD adults (75 transfeminine, 76 transmasculine, 46 nonbinary, 18 unknown; mean age of 30 with a range of 19 to 73), who were recruited for an online study, with other questionnaires assessing negative affect, well-being, gender dysphoria, gender minority stressors, and resilience. Higher scores on the TC3 (indicating better adjustment and comfort with gender) were generally associated with lower depression, anxiety, minority stress, and gender dysphoria and greater life satisfaction, body congruence, and positive aspects of being TGD such as pride in identity and community belongingness. These results support the validity of the TC3 as a brief measure to be used as a clinical tool for TGD people receiving mental health services. Additional research is needed on the reliability and validity of the TC3 across multiple time points to determine utility as a progress monitoring measure. The TC3 should also be further validated with more culturally diverse samples.

AB - One key aspect of evidence-based psychological services is monitoring progress to inform treatment decision making, often using a brief self-report measure. However, no such measure exists to support measurement-based care, given the distinct needs of transgender and gender diverse people (TGD), a group facing large documented health disparities and marginalization in health care. The purpose of the present study was to develop and provide initial psychometric validation of a short, behavioral health progress monitoring self-report measure, the Trans Collaborations Clinical Check-in (TC3). TGD communities, providers identified as TGD-affirmative, and relevant academic experts contributed to item and scale development. The final 18-item version was administered to 215 TGD adults (75 transfeminine, 76 transmasculine, 46 nonbinary, 18 unknown; mean age of 30 with a range of 19 to 73), who were recruited for an online study, with other questionnaires assessing negative affect, well-being, gender dysphoria, gender minority stressors, and resilience. Higher scores on the TC3 (indicating better adjustment and comfort with gender) were generally associated with lower depression, anxiety, minority stress, and gender dysphoria and greater life satisfaction, body congruence, and positive aspects of being TGD such as pride in identity and community belongingness. These results support the validity of the TC3 as a brief measure to be used as a clinical tool for TGD people receiving mental health services. Additional research is needed on the reliability and validity of the TC3 across multiple time points to determine utility as a progress monitoring measure. The TC3 should also be further validated with more culturally diverse samples.

KW - assessment

KW - evidence based care

KW - measure

KW - progress monitoring

KW - transgender and gender diverse

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066471476&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85066471476&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.beth.2019.04.001

DO - 10.1016/j.beth.2019.04.001

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85066471476

VL - 50

SP - 1136

EP - 1149

JO - Behavior Therapy

JF - Behavior Therapy

SN - 0005-7894

IS - 6

ER -