Tractor overturn concerns in Iowa: Perspectives from the Keokuk County rural health study

Wayne T. Sanderson, Murray D. Madsen, Risto Rautiainen, Kevin M. Kelly, Craig Zwerling, Craig D. Taylor, Stephen J. Reynolds, Ann M. Stromquist, Leon F. Burmeister, James A. Merchant

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Agriculture remains one of the most hazardous industries in the U.S., with tractor overturns producing the greatest number of agricultural machinery-related fatalities. Rollover protective structures (ROPS) and seatbelts effectively reduce tractor overturn deaths. However, a large proportion of tractors in use in American agriculture are older tractors without ROPS and seatbelts. This article describes the tractor-related responses from participants in a population-based study conducted in Keokuk County, Iowa. This study was designed to measure rural and agricultural adverse health and injury outcomes and their respective risk factors. Questionnaires were partially developed from well-documented national surveys. Questions about agricultural machinery use, presence of safety equipment on the machinery, work practices, and attitudes about farm safety were included. Study participants on farms who owned tractors had an average of 3.1 tractors with an average age of 27 years. Only 39% of the 665 tractors had ROPS. Tractor age was associated with the presence of ROPS; 84% of tractors manufactured after 1984 were ROPS-equipped, whereas only 3% of tractors manufactured before 1960 were ROPS-equipped. ROPS-equipped tractors were significantly more common on larger farms and households with higher income. Only 4% of the farmers reported that their tractors had seatbelts and they wore them when operating their tractors. The results of this study support the findings of other studies, which indicate that many older tractors without ROPS and seatbelts remain in use in American agriculture. Until a dramatic reduction in the number of tractors in the U.S. operated without ROPS and seatbelts is achieved, the annual incidence of 120 to 130 deaths associated with tractor overturns will persist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages71-81
Number of pages11
Volume12
No1
Specialist publicationJournal of agricultural safety and health
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006

Fingerprint

rural health
Rural Health
tractors
Agriculture
Agricultural machinery
Farms
Health
Equipment Safety
Machinery
Industry
Wear of materials
Safety
Incidence
Wounds and Injuries
Population
agricultural machinery and equipment
agriculture
Surveys and Questionnaires
safety equipment
agricultural health and safety

Keywords

  • Agricultural fatalities
  • Agricultural machinery safety
  • ROPS
  • Rollover Protective Structures
  • Seatbelt usage
  • Tractor overturns

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Sanderson, W. T., Madsen, M. D., Rautiainen, R., Kelly, K. M., Zwerling, C., Taylor, C. D., ... Merchant, J. A. (2006). Tractor overturn concerns in Iowa: Perspectives from the Keokuk County rural health study. Journal of agricultural safety and health, 12(1), 71-81.

Tractor overturn concerns in Iowa : Perspectives from the Keokuk County rural health study. / Sanderson, Wayne T.; Madsen, Murray D.; Rautiainen, Risto; Kelly, Kevin M.; Zwerling, Craig; Taylor, Craig D.; Reynolds, Stephen J.; Stromquist, Ann M.; Burmeister, Leon F.; Merchant, James A.

In: Journal of agricultural safety and health, Vol. 12, No. 1, 01.02.2006, p. 71-81.

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

Sanderson, WT, Madsen, MD, Rautiainen, R, Kelly, KM, Zwerling, C, Taylor, CD, Reynolds, SJ, Stromquist, AM, Burmeister, LF & Merchant, JA 2006, 'Tractor overturn concerns in Iowa: Perspectives from the Keokuk County rural health study' Journal of agricultural safety and health, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 71-81.
Sanderson, Wayne T. ; Madsen, Murray D. ; Rautiainen, Risto ; Kelly, Kevin M. ; Zwerling, Craig ; Taylor, Craig D. ; Reynolds, Stephen J. ; Stromquist, Ann M. ; Burmeister, Leon F. ; Merchant, James A. / Tractor overturn concerns in Iowa : Perspectives from the Keokuk County rural health study. In: Journal of agricultural safety and health. 2006 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 71-81.
@misc{caa805225b024f22b3410beb4043b379,
title = "Tractor overturn concerns in Iowa: Perspectives from the Keokuk County rural health study",
abstract = "Agriculture remains one of the most hazardous industries in the U.S., with tractor overturns producing the greatest number of agricultural machinery-related fatalities. Rollover protective structures (ROPS) and seatbelts effectively reduce tractor overturn deaths. However, a large proportion of tractors in use in American agriculture are older tractors without ROPS and seatbelts. This article describes the tractor-related responses from participants in a population-based study conducted in Keokuk County, Iowa. This study was designed to measure rural and agricultural adverse health and injury outcomes and their respective risk factors. Questionnaires were partially developed from well-documented national surveys. Questions about agricultural machinery use, presence of safety equipment on the machinery, work practices, and attitudes about farm safety were included. Study participants on farms who owned tractors had an average of 3.1 tractors with an average age of 27 years. Only 39{\%} of the 665 tractors had ROPS. Tractor age was associated with the presence of ROPS; 84{\%} of tractors manufactured after 1984 were ROPS-equipped, whereas only 3{\%} of tractors manufactured before 1960 were ROPS-equipped. ROPS-equipped tractors were significantly more common on larger farms and households with higher income. Only 4{\%} of the farmers reported that their tractors had seatbelts and they wore them when operating their tractors. The results of this study support the findings of other studies, which indicate that many older tractors without ROPS and seatbelts remain in use in American agriculture. Until a dramatic reduction in the number of tractors in the U.S. operated without ROPS and seatbelts is achieved, the annual incidence of 120 to 130 deaths associated with tractor overturns will persist.",
keywords = "Agricultural fatalities, Agricultural machinery safety, ROPS, Rollover Protective Structures, Seatbelt usage, Tractor overturns",
author = "Sanderson, {Wayne T.} and Madsen, {Murray D.} and Risto Rautiainen and Kelly, {Kevin M.} and Craig Zwerling and Taylor, {Craig D.} and Reynolds, {Stephen J.} and Stromquist, {Ann M.} and Burmeister, {Leon F.} and Merchant, {James A.}",
year = "2006",
month = "2",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
pages = "71--81",
journal = "Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health",
issn = "1074-7583",
publisher = "American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Tractor overturn concerns in Iowa

T2 - Perspectives from the Keokuk County rural health study

AU - Sanderson, Wayne T.

AU - Madsen, Murray D.

AU - Rautiainen, Risto

AU - Kelly, Kevin M.

AU - Zwerling, Craig

AU - Taylor, Craig D.

AU - Reynolds, Stephen J.

AU - Stromquist, Ann M.

AU - Burmeister, Leon F.

AU - Merchant, James A.

PY - 2006/2/1

Y1 - 2006/2/1

N2 - Agriculture remains one of the most hazardous industries in the U.S., with tractor overturns producing the greatest number of agricultural machinery-related fatalities. Rollover protective structures (ROPS) and seatbelts effectively reduce tractor overturn deaths. However, a large proportion of tractors in use in American agriculture are older tractors without ROPS and seatbelts. This article describes the tractor-related responses from participants in a population-based study conducted in Keokuk County, Iowa. This study was designed to measure rural and agricultural adverse health and injury outcomes and their respective risk factors. Questionnaires were partially developed from well-documented national surveys. Questions about agricultural machinery use, presence of safety equipment on the machinery, work practices, and attitudes about farm safety were included. Study participants on farms who owned tractors had an average of 3.1 tractors with an average age of 27 years. Only 39% of the 665 tractors had ROPS. Tractor age was associated with the presence of ROPS; 84% of tractors manufactured after 1984 were ROPS-equipped, whereas only 3% of tractors manufactured before 1960 were ROPS-equipped. ROPS-equipped tractors were significantly more common on larger farms and households with higher income. Only 4% of the farmers reported that their tractors had seatbelts and they wore them when operating their tractors. The results of this study support the findings of other studies, which indicate that many older tractors without ROPS and seatbelts remain in use in American agriculture. Until a dramatic reduction in the number of tractors in the U.S. operated without ROPS and seatbelts is achieved, the annual incidence of 120 to 130 deaths associated with tractor overturns will persist.

AB - Agriculture remains one of the most hazardous industries in the U.S., with tractor overturns producing the greatest number of agricultural machinery-related fatalities. Rollover protective structures (ROPS) and seatbelts effectively reduce tractor overturn deaths. However, a large proportion of tractors in use in American agriculture are older tractors without ROPS and seatbelts. This article describes the tractor-related responses from participants in a population-based study conducted in Keokuk County, Iowa. This study was designed to measure rural and agricultural adverse health and injury outcomes and their respective risk factors. Questionnaires were partially developed from well-documented national surveys. Questions about agricultural machinery use, presence of safety equipment on the machinery, work practices, and attitudes about farm safety were included. Study participants on farms who owned tractors had an average of 3.1 tractors with an average age of 27 years. Only 39% of the 665 tractors had ROPS. Tractor age was associated with the presence of ROPS; 84% of tractors manufactured after 1984 were ROPS-equipped, whereas only 3% of tractors manufactured before 1960 were ROPS-equipped. ROPS-equipped tractors were significantly more common on larger farms and households with higher income. Only 4% of the farmers reported that their tractors had seatbelts and they wore them when operating their tractors. The results of this study support the findings of other studies, which indicate that many older tractors without ROPS and seatbelts remain in use in American agriculture. Until a dramatic reduction in the number of tractors in the U.S. operated without ROPS and seatbelts is achieved, the annual incidence of 120 to 130 deaths associated with tractor overturns will persist.

KW - Agricultural fatalities

KW - Agricultural machinery safety

KW - ROPS

KW - Rollover Protective Structures

KW - Seatbelt usage

KW - Tractor overturns

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33645405839&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33645405839&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 16536175

AN - SCOPUS:33645405839

VL - 12

SP - 71

EP - 81

JO - Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health

JF - Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health

SN - 1074-7583

ER -