Topical nutraceutical optixcare eh ameliorates experimental ocular oxidative stress in rats

Peter F Kador, Changmei Guo, Hiroyoshi Kawada, James Randazzo, Karen Blessing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Based on the hypothesis that oral nutraceuticals do not adequately reach all ocular tissues in the anterior segment, we evaluated the ability of a 3% concentration of the ingredients in a topical nutraceutical antioxidant formulation called Optixcare Eye Health (Optixcare EH) to ameliorate oxidative stress in rat models of age-related ocular diseases. Methods: Diabetes was induced by tail-vein injection of streptozotocin, and the development of cataracts was monitored by slit lamp. Young rats were exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light, and the reduction in lens glutathione (GSH) levels and increase in 4-hydroxynonenol (4-HNE) were measured. Oxidative stress in the neural retina was generated by exposure of dark-adapted rats to 1,000 lx of light, and oxidative stress markers were measured. Dry eye was induced in rats by twice daily (b.i.d.) subcutaneous scopolamine injections. Topical Optixcare EH was administered b.i.d. and compared in select experiments to the multifunctional antioxidant JHX-4, the topical aldose reductase inhibitor (ARI) Kinostat™, oral Ocu-GLO™, and the topical ocular comfort agents Optixcare Eye Lube, Optixcare Eye Lube + Hyaluron, and Idrop Vet Plus hyaluronic acid. Results: In diabetic rats, topical ARI treatment prevented cataract formation while the nutraceuticals delayed their development with Optixcare EH>Ocu-GLO. In UV-exposed rats, the reduction of GSH and increase in 4-HNE in the lens were normalized in order JHX-4>Optixcare EH>Ocu-GLO. In the retina, oxidative stress markers were reduced better by oral JHX-4 compared with topical Optixcare EH. In the scopolamine-induced dry-eye rats, tear flow was maintained by Optixcare EH treatment, while none of the comfort agents examined altered tear flow. Conclusions: Topical administration of a 3% concentration of the ingredients in Optixcare EH reduces experimentally induced reactive oxygen species in rats exposed to several sources of ocular oxidative stress. In addition, Optixcare EH maintains tear volume in scopolamine-induced dry eye. This suggests that in the anterior segment, the ingredients in Optixcare EH may have clinical potential against ocular oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)593-602
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014

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Dietary Supplements
Oxidative Stress
Health
Scopolamine Hydrobromide
Tears
Aldehyde Reductase
Cataract
Lenses
Retina
Antioxidants
Topical Administration
Eye Diseases
Hyaluronic Acid
Subcutaneous Injections
Ultraviolet Rays
Streptozocin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Topical nutraceutical optixcare eh ameliorates experimental ocular oxidative stress in rats. / Kador, Peter F; Guo, Changmei; Kawada, Hiroyoshi; Randazzo, James; Blessing, Karen.

In: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Vol. 30, No. 7, 01.09.2014, p. 593-602.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kador, Peter F ; Guo, Changmei ; Kawada, Hiroyoshi ; Randazzo, James ; Blessing, Karen. / Topical nutraceutical optixcare eh ameliorates experimental ocular oxidative stress in rats. In: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2014 ; Vol. 30, No. 7. pp. 593-602.
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