Three-dimensional structures of chimeric enzymes between Bacillus subtilis and Thermus thermophilus 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenases

Ko Onodera, Masahiro Sakurai, Hideaki Moriyama, Nobuo Tanaka, Koichi Numata, Tairo Oshima, Mamoru Sato, Yukiteru Katsube

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Abstract

The 3-D structures of two chimeric enzymes (4M6T and 2T2M6T) between the Bacillus subtilis and Thermus thermophilus 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenases were analysed by X-ray diffraction in order to investigate their different thermostabilities. The structure of 2T2M6T was determined by the difference Fourier method and that of 4M6T by rigid body refinement, as based on the structure of the T. thermophilus enzyme. These structures were refined stereochemically to an R-factor of 0.193 at 2.5 Å resolution for 4M6T and to an R-factor of 0.195 at 2.2 Å resolution for 2T2M6T. The 3-D structures of 4M6T and 2T2M6T were very close to the structure of the T.thermophilus enzyme, conspicuous differences being at the molecular surface, In particular, 2T2M6T having a larger reduction in thermostability was more closely related to the T.thermophilus enzyme. However, their correlations between Cα-atom displacements and the root squares of the temperature factors were significantly different from each other.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)453-459
Number of pages7
JournalProtein Engineering, Design and Selection
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 1994

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Keywords

  • Chimeric enzyme
  • Dehydrogenase
  • Thermostability
  • X-ray crystallography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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