Thermoplastic films from cyanoethylated chicken feathers

Narendra Reddy, Chunyan Hu, Kelu Yan, Yiqi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper demonstrates that etherification can be used to develop thermoplastic films from chicken feathers. Feathers are inexpensive, abundantly available and renewable resources but have limited applications mainly due to their non-thermoplasticity. However, it has been shown that chemical modifications such as grafting can make feathers thermoplastic. Etherification provides better thermoplasticity to biopolymers compared to chemical modifications such as acetylation. In this research, chicken feathers were etherified using acrylonitrile and various concentrations of catalyst. Even at low weight gain (3.6%), cyanoethylated feathers were thermoplastic and showed a melting peak at 167 °C. Films compression molded from the cyanoethylated feathers had strength ranging from 1.6 to 4.2 MPa and elongation ranging from 5.8 to 14% depending on the extent of cyanoethylation. Feathers modified by cyanoethylation had good thermoplasticity and could be useful to develop various thermoplastics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1706-1710
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Fingerprint

thermoplasticity
thermoplastic films
chickens
Thermoplastics
acetylation
low weight
acrylonitriles
biopolymers
Chemical modification
elongation
resources
melting
Acrylonitrile
catalysts
Acetylation
Biopolymers
Elongation
Melting
Compaction
Catalysts

Keywords

  • Cyanoethylation
  • Feathers
  • Films
  • Mechanical properties
  • Thermoplastics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Thermoplastic films from cyanoethylated chicken feathers. / Reddy, Narendra; Hu, Chunyan; Yan, Kelu; Yang, Yiqi.

In: Materials Science and Engineering C, Vol. 31, No. 8, 01.12.2011, p. 1706-1710.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reddy, Narendra ; Hu, Chunyan ; Yan, Kelu ; Yang, Yiqi. / Thermoplastic films from cyanoethylated chicken feathers. In: Materials Science and Engineering C. 2011 ; Vol. 31, No. 8. pp. 1706-1710.
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