Thermally Stable and Electrically Conductive, Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube/Silicon Infiltrated Composite Structures for High-Temperature Electrodes

Qi Ming Zou, Lei Min Deng, Da Wei Li, Yun Shen Zhou, Hossein Rabiee Golgir, Kamran Keramatnejad, Li Sha Fan, Lan Jiang, Jean Francois Silvain, Yongfeng Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Traditional ceramic-based, high-temperature electrode materials (e.g., lanthanum chromate) are severely limited due to their conditional electrical conductivity and poor stability under harsh circumstances. Advanced composite structures based on vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs) and high-temperature ceramics are expected to address this grand challenge, in which ceramic serves as a shielding layer protecting the VACNTs from the oxidation and erosive environment, while the VACNTs work as a conductor. However, it is still a great challenge to fabricate VACNT/ceramic composite structures due to the limited diffusion of ceramics inside the VACNT arrays. In this work, we report on the controllable fabrication of infiltrated (and noninfiltrated) VACNT/silicon composite structures via thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) [and laser-assisted CVD]. In laser-assisted CVD, low-crystalline silicon (Si) was quickly deposited at the VACNT subsurfaces/surfaces followed by the formation of high-crystalline Si layers, thus resulting in noninfiltrated composite structures. Unlike laser-assisted CVD, thermal CVD activated the precursors inside and outside the VACNTs simultaneously, which realized uniform infiltrated VACNT/Si composite structures. The growth mechanisms for infiltrated and noninfiltrated VACNT/ceramic composites, which we attributed to the different temperature distributions and gas diffusion mechanism in VACNTs, were investigated. More importantly, the as-farbicated composite structures exhibited excellent multifunctional properties, such as excellent antioxidative ability (up to 1100 °C), high thermal stability (up to 1400 °C), good high velocity hot gas erosion resistance, and good electrical conductivity (∼8.95 Sm-1 at 823 K). The work presented here brings a simple, new approach to the fabrication of advanced composite structures for hot electrode applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37340-37349
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume9
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 25 2017

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Silicon
Composite structures
Carbon nanotubes
Electrodes
Chemical vapor deposition
Temperature
Lasers
Crystalline materials
Chromates
Fabrication
Lanthanum
Diffusion in gases
Shielding
Erosion
Temperature distribution
Thermodynamic stability
Gases

Keywords

  • ceramic composite
  • high-temperature electrode
  • infiltration
  • thermal chemical vapor deposition
  • vertically aligned carbon nanotube

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Thermally Stable and Electrically Conductive, Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube/Silicon Infiltrated Composite Structures for High-Temperature Electrodes. / Zou, Qi Ming; Deng, Lei Min; Li, Da Wei; Zhou, Yun Shen; Golgir, Hossein Rabiee; Keramatnejad, Kamran; Fan, Li Sha; Jiang, Lan; Silvain, Jean Francois; Lu, Yongfeng.

In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 9, No. 42, 25.10.2017, p. 37340-37349.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zou, Qi Ming ; Deng, Lei Min ; Li, Da Wei ; Zhou, Yun Shen ; Golgir, Hossein Rabiee ; Keramatnejad, Kamran ; Fan, Li Sha ; Jiang, Lan ; Silvain, Jean Francois ; Lu, Yongfeng. / Thermally Stable and Electrically Conductive, Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube/Silicon Infiltrated Composite Structures for High-Temperature Electrodes. In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 2017 ; Vol. 9, No. 42. pp. 37340-37349.
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abstract = "Traditional ceramic-based, high-temperature electrode materials (e.g., lanthanum chromate) are severely limited due to their conditional electrical conductivity and poor stability under harsh circumstances. Advanced composite structures based on vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs) and high-temperature ceramics are expected to address this grand challenge, in which ceramic serves as a shielding layer protecting the VACNTs from the oxidation and erosive environment, while the VACNTs work as a conductor. However, it is still a great challenge to fabricate VACNT/ceramic composite structures due to the limited diffusion of ceramics inside the VACNT arrays. In this work, we report on the controllable fabrication of infiltrated (and noninfiltrated) VACNT/silicon composite structures via thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) [and laser-assisted CVD]. In laser-assisted CVD, low-crystalline silicon (Si) was quickly deposited at the VACNT subsurfaces/surfaces followed by the formation of high-crystalline Si layers, thus resulting in noninfiltrated composite structures. Unlike laser-assisted CVD, thermal CVD activated the precursors inside and outside the VACNTs simultaneously, which realized uniform infiltrated VACNT/Si composite structures. The growth mechanisms for infiltrated and noninfiltrated VACNT/ceramic composites, which we attributed to the different temperature distributions and gas diffusion mechanism in VACNTs, were investigated. More importantly, the as-farbicated composite structures exhibited excellent multifunctional properties, such as excellent antioxidative ability (up to 1100 °C), high thermal stability (up to 1400 °C), good high velocity hot gas erosion resistance, and good electrical conductivity (∼8.95 Sm-1 at 823 K). The work presented here brings a simple, new approach to the fabrication of advanced composite structures for hot electrode applications.",
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AU - Zhou, Yun Shen

AU - Golgir, Hossein Rabiee

AU - Keramatnejad, Kamran

AU - Fan, Li Sha

AU - Jiang, Lan

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