Thermal penicillinase derepression and temperature dependence of penicillinase production inducible and constitutive strains of Bacillus cereus

Amira Bernstein, Kenneth W. Nickerson, Richard A. Day

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The basal level of penicillinase production in strain 569 reaches a maximum at 42 °. The induction ratio (induced/basal) reaches a maximum (42.6) at approximately 30 ° and falls to approximately 1.4 at 42 °. Culturing Bacillus cereus 569 (inducible) at 42 ° and lowering the temperature leads to an increase in penicillinase production (thermal derepression) equal to the level induced by cephalothin (CT). As reported earlier, induction in strain 569 at 42 ° does not occur when the cells are treated with a penicillin, here the analogue CT, at 42 °; however, treatment with CT at 37 ° followed by incubation at 42 ° gave the induced response. Constitutive mutants 569/H and 5/B showed a twofold change in the level of penicillinase upon going from 20 ° to 46 °, with specific activity increasing steadily to 46 °. A model is presented to explain these and other related data in the B. cereus penicillinase system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-54
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume119
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - 1967

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Bacillus cereus
Penicillinase
Cephalothin
Hot Temperature
Temperature
Penicillins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "The basal level of penicillinase production in strain 569 reaches a maximum at 42 °. The induction ratio (induced/basal) reaches a maximum (42.6) at approximately 30 ° and falls to approximately 1.4 at 42 °. Culturing Bacillus cereus 569 (inducible) at 42 ° and lowering the temperature leads to an increase in penicillinase production (thermal derepression) equal to the level induced by cephalothin (CT). As reported earlier, induction in strain 569 at 42 ° does not occur when the cells are treated with a penicillin, here the analogue CT, at 42 °; however, treatment with CT at 37 ° followed by incubation at 42 ° gave the induced response. Constitutive mutants 569/H and 5/B showed a twofold change in the level of penicillinase upon going from 20 ° to 46 °, with specific activity increasing steadily to 46 °. A model is presented to explain these and other related data in the B. cereus penicillinase system.",
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T1 - Thermal penicillinase derepression and temperature dependence of penicillinase production inducible and constitutive strains of Bacillus cereus

AU - Bernstein, Amira

AU - Nickerson, Kenneth W.

AU - Day, Richard A.

PY - 1967

Y1 - 1967

N2 - The basal level of penicillinase production in strain 569 reaches a maximum at 42 °. The induction ratio (induced/basal) reaches a maximum (42.6) at approximately 30 ° and falls to approximately 1.4 at 42 °. Culturing Bacillus cereus 569 (inducible) at 42 ° and lowering the temperature leads to an increase in penicillinase production (thermal derepression) equal to the level induced by cephalothin (CT). As reported earlier, induction in strain 569 at 42 ° does not occur when the cells are treated with a penicillin, here the analogue CT, at 42 °; however, treatment with CT at 37 ° followed by incubation at 42 ° gave the induced response. Constitutive mutants 569/H and 5/B showed a twofold change in the level of penicillinase upon going from 20 ° to 46 °, with specific activity increasing steadily to 46 °. A model is presented to explain these and other related data in the B. cereus penicillinase system.

AB - The basal level of penicillinase production in strain 569 reaches a maximum at 42 °. The induction ratio (induced/basal) reaches a maximum (42.6) at approximately 30 ° and falls to approximately 1.4 at 42 °. Culturing Bacillus cereus 569 (inducible) at 42 ° and lowering the temperature leads to an increase in penicillinase production (thermal derepression) equal to the level induced by cephalothin (CT). As reported earlier, induction in strain 569 at 42 ° does not occur when the cells are treated with a penicillin, here the analogue CT, at 42 °; however, treatment with CT at 37 ° followed by incubation at 42 ° gave the induced response. Constitutive mutants 569/H and 5/B showed a twofold change in the level of penicillinase upon going from 20 ° to 46 °, with specific activity increasing steadily to 46 °. A model is presented to explain these and other related data in the B. cereus penicillinase system.

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