The use of forest-derived specific gravity for the conversion of volume to biomass for open-grown trees on agricultural land

Xinhua Zhou, James R. Brandle, Tala N. Awada, Michele M. Schoeneberger, Derrel L. Martin, Ying Xin, Zhenghong Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Accounting for agroforestry contributions to carbon sequestration and cellulosic feedstock production requires biomass equations that accurately estimate biomass in open-grown trees. Since equations for open-grown trees are rare and developing these is expensive, existing forest-based equations are an attractive alternative for open-grown trees in carbon accounting and biomass modeling. How accurate this alternative is depends on how similar the key attributes, such as specific gravity, trunk shape, and crown architecture, are between open- and forest-grown trees. We evaluated the use of forest-derived specific gravity for conversion of volume to biomass for morphologically distinct open-grown species: green ash, ponderosa pine, and eastern redcedar. Trunk biomass was consistently and significantly underestimated from 6.3% to 16.6% depending on species, indicating open-grown trees have greater trunk specific gravity than forest-grown counterparts within the same geographic region; however a conclusive difference in branch specific gravity was not found between open- and forest-grown trees. Open-grown trees have greater trunk specific gravity, sharper trunk taper, and larger crown. When forest-based equations are used for trunk biomass of open-grown trees, the greater trunk specific gravity results in underestimation; however, the sharper trunk taper results in overestimation. Studies are needed to examine whether the underestimation could be offset by the overestimation and how the larger crown affects biomass estimation when forest-based equations are used for open-grown trees. Our results provide an essential understanding to interpret the biometric relationship of open- to forest-grown trees and to develop an efficient means how forest-based equations might be best modified for open-grown trees.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1721-1731
Number of pages11
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011

Fingerprint

specific gravity
Density (specific gravity)
agricultural land
Biomass
gravity
tree trunk
biomass
Ashes
tree crown
Carbon
Biometrics
Feedstocks
Juniperus virginiana
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
canopy architecture
biometry
Pinus ponderosa
agroforestry
feedstocks
carbon sequestration

Keywords

  • Carbon sequestration
  • Cellulosic feedstock
  • Eastern redcedar
  • Green ash
  • Ponderosa pine
  • Windbreak

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

The use of forest-derived specific gravity for the conversion of volume to biomass for open-grown trees on agricultural land. / Zhou, Xinhua; Brandle, James R.; Awada, Tala N.; Schoeneberger, Michele M.; Martin, Derrel L.; Xin, Ying; Tang, Zhenghong.

In: Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 35, No. 5, 01.05.2011, p. 1721-1731.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhou, Xinhua ; Brandle, James R. ; Awada, Tala N. ; Schoeneberger, Michele M. ; Martin, Derrel L. ; Xin, Ying ; Tang, Zhenghong. / The use of forest-derived specific gravity for the conversion of volume to biomass for open-grown trees on agricultural land. In: Biomass and Bioenergy. 2011 ; Vol. 35, No. 5. pp. 1721-1731.
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