The use of E-cigarettes among U.S. immigrants: The 2014 national health interview survey

Yang Wang, Fernando Wilson, Jamie Larson, Li-Wu Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. Although e-cigarette popularity has increased substantially in recent years in the United States, it is unclear whether e-cigarette use has extended to immigrants in the United States. We characterized differences in ever and current use of e-cigarettes among non-U.S. citizens, naturalized U.S. citizens, and U.S. natives. Methods. We used cross-sectional data from the 2014 National Health Interview Survey to measure the prevalence of e-cigarette ever and current use by immigration status, characterized as U.S. native, naturalized U.S. citizen, and non-U.S. citizen. We used multivariate logistic regression to examine the association between e-cigarette use and immigration status adjusting for demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, and history of tobacco use. We also stratified the use of e-cigarettes by cigarette smoking status and analyzed the impact of length of residency and country of origin on e-cigarette use among immigrants. Results. Naturalized U.S. citizens and non-U.S. citizens had a similar prevalence of e-cigarette use, which was significantly lower than the prevalence among U.S. natives. After adjusting for covariates, naturalized U.S. citizens had 38% lower odds and non-U.S. citizens had 54% lower odds of ever using e-cigarettes than U.S. natives. Non-U.S. citizens were less likely than U.S. natives to currently use e-cigarettes. Among both current smokers and nonsmokers of tobacco cigarettes, non-U.S. citizens were less likely than U.S. natives to indicate current e-cigarette use. U.S. immigrants with >5 years residency were more likely than U.S. immigrants with >5 years residency to try e-cigarettes. Conclusion. Although non-U.S. citizens are less likely than U.S. natives to currently use e-cigarettes, e-cigarette use may increase with length of residency in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)605-613
Number of pages9
JournalPublic Health Reports
Volume131
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Fingerprint

Health Surveys
Tobacco Products
Interviews
Population Groups
Internship and Residency
Emigration and Immigration
Electronic Cigarettes
Tobacco Use
Social Class
Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

The use of E-cigarettes among U.S. immigrants : The 2014 national health interview survey. / Wang, Yang; Wilson, Fernando; Larson, Jamie; Chen, Li-Wu.

In: Public Health Reports, Vol. 131, No. 4, 01.07.2016, p. 605-613.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8559537ba89d48b8bc7538620b99e143,
title = "The use of E-cigarettes among U.S. immigrants: The 2014 national health interview survey",
abstract = "Objective. Although e-cigarette popularity has increased substantially in recent years in the United States, it is unclear whether e-cigarette use has extended to immigrants in the United States. We characterized differences in ever and current use of e-cigarettes among non-U.S. citizens, naturalized U.S. citizens, and U.S. natives. Methods. We used cross-sectional data from the 2014 National Health Interview Survey to measure the prevalence of e-cigarette ever and current use by immigration status, characterized as U.S. native, naturalized U.S. citizen, and non-U.S. citizen. We used multivariate logistic regression to examine the association between e-cigarette use and immigration status adjusting for demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, and history of tobacco use. We also stratified the use of e-cigarettes by cigarette smoking status and analyzed the impact of length of residency and country of origin on e-cigarette use among immigrants. Results. Naturalized U.S. citizens and non-U.S. citizens had a similar prevalence of e-cigarette use, which was significantly lower than the prevalence among U.S. natives. After adjusting for covariates, naturalized U.S. citizens had 38{\%} lower odds and non-U.S. citizens had 54{\%} lower odds of ever using e-cigarettes than U.S. natives. Non-U.S. citizens were less likely than U.S. natives to currently use e-cigarettes. Among both current smokers and nonsmokers of tobacco cigarettes, non-U.S. citizens were less likely than U.S. natives to indicate current e-cigarette use. U.S. immigrants with >5 years residency were more likely than U.S. immigrants with >5 years residency to try e-cigarettes. Conclusion. Although non-U.S. citizens are less likely than U.S. natives to currently use e-cigarettes, e-cigarette use may increase with length of residency in the United States.",
author = "Yang Wang and Fernando Wilson and Jamie Larson and Li-Wu Chen",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0033354916662220",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "131",
pages = "605--613",
journal = "Public Health Reports",
issn = "0033-3549",
publisher = "Association of Schools of Public Health",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The use of E-cigarettes among U.S. immigrants

T2 - The 2014 national health interview survey

AU - Wang, Yang

AU - Wilson, Fernando

AU - Larson, Jamie

AU - Chen, Li-Wu

PY - 2016/7/1

Y1 - 2016/7/1

N2 - Objective. Although e-cigarette popularity has increased substantially in recent years in the United States, it is unclear whether e-cigarette use has extended to immigrants in the United States. We characterized differences in ever and current use of e-cigarettes among non-U.S. citizens, naturalized U.S. citizens, and U.S. natives. Methods. We used cross-sectional data from the 2014 National Health Interview Survey to measure the prevalence of e-cigarette ever and current use by immigration status, characterized as U.S. native, naturalized U.S. citizen, and non-U.S. citizen. We used multivariate logistic regression to examine the association between e-cigarette use and immigration status adjusting for demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, and history of tobacco use. We also stratified the use of e-cigarettes by cigarette smoking status and analyzed the impact of length of residency and country of origin on e-cigarette use among immigrants. Results. Naturalized U.S. citizens and non-U.S. citizens had a similar prevalence of e-cigarette use, which was significantly lower than the prevalence among U.S. natives. After adjusting for covariates, naturalized U.S. citizens had 38% lower odds and non-U.S. citizens had 54% lower odds of ever using e-cigarettes than U.S. natives. Non-U.S. citizens were less likely than U.S. natives to currently use e-cigarettes. Among both current smokers and nonsmokers of tobacco cigarettes, non-U.S. citizens were less likely than U.S. natives to indicate current e-cigarette use. U.S. immigrants with >5 years residency were more likely than U.S. immigrants with >5 years residency to try e-cigarettes. Conclusion. Although non-U.S. citizens are less likely than U.S. natives to currently use e-cigarettes, e-cigarette use may increase with length of residency in the United States.

AB - Objective. Although e-cigarette popularity has increased substantially in recent years in the United States, it is unclear whether e-cigarette use has extended to immigrants in the United States. We characterized differences in ever and current use of e-cigarettes among non-U.S. citizens, naturalized U.S. citizens, and U.S. natives. Methods. We used cross-sectional data from the 2014 National Health Interview Survey to measure the prevalence of e-cigarette ever and current use by immigration status, characterized as U.S. native, naturalized U.S. citizen, and non-U.S. citizen. We used multivariate logistic regression to examine the association between e-cigarette use and immigration status adjusting for demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, and history of tobacco use. We also stratified the use of e-cigarettes by cigarette smoking status and analyzed the impact of length of residency and country of origin on e-cigarette use among immigrants. Results. Naturalized U.S. citizens and non-U.S. citizens had a similar prevalence of e-cigarette use, which was significantly lower than the prevalence among U.S. natives. After adjusting for covariates, naturalized U.S. citizens had 38% lower odds and non-U.S. citizens had 54% lower odds of ever using e-cigarettes than U.S. natives. Non-U.S. citizens were less likely than U.S. natives to currently use e-cigarettes. Among both current smokers and nonsmokers of tobacco cigarettes, non-U.S. citizens were less likely than U.S. natives to indicate current e-cigarette use. U.S. immigrants with >5 years residency were more likely than U.S. immigrants with >5 years residency to try e-cigarettes. Conclusion. Although non-U.S. citizens are less likely than U.S. natives to currently use e-cigarettes, e-cigarette use may increase with length of residency in the United States.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84977126712&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84977126712&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0033354916662220

DO - 10.1177/0033354916662220

M3 - Article

C2 - 27453606

AN - SCOPUS:84977126712

VL - 131

SP - 605

EP - 613

JO - Public Health Reports

JF - Public Health Reports

SN - 0033-3549

IS - 4

ER -