The use of choice-based distraction to decrease the distress of children at the dentist

Holly A. Filcheck, Keith D Allen, Hilary Ogren, James Brant Darby, Brian Holstein, Steve Hupp

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This research was conducted to examine whether choice-based distraction provides an effective means of reducing the distress of children undergoing routine dental treatment. Sixty children between the ages of 5-12 who required restorative dental treatment were assigned randomly to either a Control group or a Distraction group in which the participants were permitted to choose from a variety of music, soundtracks, and/or audio stories to listen to while undergoing dental treatment. They also could change selections during treatment. Direct observations of disruptive behavior provided measures of overall dis ruptiveness during treatment. The participants also provided self-reported ratings of approval and discomfort. There were no significant differences between the two study groups with respect to average disruptive behavior. However, the Distraction group had significantly fewer participants that would have been considered clinically "uncooperative" and twice as many participants that would be rated "very positive" by dentists. Because Choice-based distraction is a relatively easy procedure to implement, it may provide health care professionals and parents alike with a valuable alternative means of reducing the distress of children who visit the dentist. Additional benefits and limitations are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-68
Number of pages10
JournalChild and Family Behavior Therapy
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

Fingerprint

dentist
dental treatment
Dentists
Tooth
Group
Therapeutics
study group
Music
parents
music
rating
health care
Parents
Delivery of Health Care
Control Groups
Research

Keywords

  • Children
  • Choice
  • Dental treatment
  • Disruptive behavior
  • Distraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

The use of choice-based distraction to decrease the distress of children at the dentist. / Filcheck, Holly A.; Allen, Keith D; Ogren, Hilary; Darby, James Brant; Holstein, Brian; Hupp, Steve.

In: Child and Family Behavior Therapy, Vol. 26, No. 4, 01.12.2004, p. 59-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Filcheck, Holly A. ; Allen, Keith D ; Ogren, Hilary ; Darby, James Brant ; Holstein, Brian ; Hupp, Steve. / The use of choice-based distraction to decrease the distress of children at the dentist. In: Child and Family Behavior Therapy. 2004 ; Vol. 26, No. 4. pp. 59-68.
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