The Ubiquitin-Proteasome System in Alcohol-Induced Pathology

Terrence Donohue, Samuel W. French

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This chapter discusses the ubiquitin proteasome system in pathological conditions induced by alcohol. The ubiquitin proteasome system is a complex proteolytic pathway that was once considered a minor protein degradative pathway in eukaryotic cells. Past research reveals this system to be a major pathway for the degradation of intracellular proteins, for antigen presentation, and for the destruction of abnormal proteins. Furthermore the involvement of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway in certain disease pathologies has attracted considerable interest in using this pathway as a therapeutic target. This chapter describes the importance of protein degradation in cellular physiology, with specific focus on the functions and mechanism of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Ethanol consumption significantly affects protein catabolism in the liver. Because this organ sustains greater damage than other organs from heavy drinking, most of the discussion centers on changes in the hepatic ubiquitin-proteasome pathway after heavy alcohol consumption in both clinical and experimental settings. It describes the mechanisms behind the formation of Mallory bodies or alcoholic hyaline, the histological hallmarks of alcohol-induced liver disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationComprehensive Handbook of Alcohol Related Pathology
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages1027-1039
Number of pages13
Volume2-3
ISBN (Electronic)9780080502311
ISBN (Print)9780125643702
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Donohue, T., & French, S. W. (2005). The Ubiquitin-Proteasome System in Alcohol-Induced Pathology. In Comprehensive Handbook of Alcohol Related Pathology (Vol. 2-3, pp. 1027-1039). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012564370-2/50082-9