The Streptococcus mutans Cid and Lrg systems modulate virulence traits in response to multiple environmental signals

Sang Joon Ahn, Kelly C. Rice, Janneth Oleas, Kenneth W Bayles, Robert A. Burne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The tight control of autolysis by Streptococcus mutans is critical for proper virulence gene expression and biofilm formation. A pair of dicistronic operons, SMU.575/574 (lrgAB) and SMU.1701/1700 (designated cidAB), encode putative membrane proteins that share structural features with the bacteriophage-encoded holin family of proteins, which modulate host cell lysis during lytic infection. Analysis of S. mutans lrg and cid mutants revealed a role for these operons in autolysis, biofilm formation, glucosyltransferase expression and oxidative stress tolerance. Expression of lrgAB was repressed during early exponential phase and was induced over 1000-fold as cells entered late exponential phase, whereas cidAB expression declined from early to late exponential phase. A two-component system encoded immediately upstream of lrgAB (LytST) was required for activation of lrgAB expression, but not for cid expression. In addition to availability of oxygen, glucose levels were revealed to affect lrg and cid transcription differentially and significantly, probably through CcpA (carbon catabolite protein A). Collectively, these findings demonstrate that the Cid/Lrg system can affect several virulence traits of S. mutans, and its expression is controlled by two major environmental signals, oxygen and glucose. Moreover, cid/lrg expression is tightly regulated by LytST and CcpA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3136-3147
Number of pages12
JournalMicrobiology
Volume156
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010

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Streptococcus mutans
Virulence
Autolysis
Staphylococcal Protein A
Operon
Biofilms
Carbon
Oxygen
Glucosyltransferases
Glucose
Bacteriophages
Membrane Proteins
Oxidative Stress
Gene Expression
Infection
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology

Cite this

The Streptococcus mutans Cid and Lrg systems modulate virulence traits in response to multiple environmental signals. / Ahn, Sang Joon; Rice, Kelly C.; Oleas, Janneth; Bayles, Kenneth W; Burne, Robert A.

In: Microbiology, Vol. 156, No. 10, 01.10.2010, p. 3136-3147.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ahn, Sang Joon ; Rice, Kelly C. ; Oleas, Janneth ; Bayles, Kenneth W ; Burne, Robert A. / The Streptococcus mutans Cid and Lrg systems modulate virulence traits in response to multiple environmental signals. In: Microbiology. 2010 ; Vol. 156, No. 10. pp. 3136-3147.
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