The safety of transesophageal echocardiography in patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation

Nicholas W. Markin, Archit Sharma, Wendy Grant, Sasha K. Shillcutt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations


Objective To evaluate the safety of transesophageal echocardiography for the evaluation and intraoperative monitoring of patients during orthotopic liver transplantation. Design Retrospective observational study. Setting Tertiary care, university teaching hospital. Participants Patients (n = 116) who underwent intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography during liver transplantation. Interventions Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography during liver transplantation. Measurements and Main Results The authors evaluated the safety of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography in patients undergoing liver transplantation through a retrospective chart review. Complications associated with transesophageal echocardiography use were divided into minor and major complications. Out of 116 patients who underwent intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography, there was one minor and one major complication. The major complication rate was 0.86% (1/116) and the overall complication rate was 1.7% (2/116). There was no statistically significant correlation between pre-transplant sclerotherapy for treatment of varices and intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography-related gastrointestinal bleeding. Although the reported complication rate is higher than what has been quoted in the cardiac literature, intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography during liver transplantation has a low complication rate. Conclusions Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography is a relatively safe method of monitoring cardiac performance in liver transplant patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)588-593
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015



  • efficacy
  • gastrointestinal bleeding
  • liver transplantation
  • safety
  • transesophageal echocardiography
  • utility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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