The Role of Deliberative Decision Making, Parenting, and Friends in Adolescent Risk Behaviors

Jennifer M. Wolff, Elizabeth J Crockett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adolescents may engage in risk behaviors that jeopardize their futures. Although adolescent risk-taking has long been attributed to faulty decision making, surprisingly little research has directly examined this link. This study examined the role of deliberative decision making (the tendency to consider options and consequences before making a decision) and social contextual variables (parenting and friend influences) in alcohol and drug use, risky sex, and delinquency. Participants were 7,748 adolescents (50% female) in grades 7-11 from the Add Health dataset (M age = 14. 87, SD = 1. 54). Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that deliberative decision making and contextual variables were associated with risk behavior concurrently and 1 year later. Furthermore, deliberative decision making interacted with social contextual variables in some models, indicating that deliberative decision making may be especially important in certain contexts. These findings suggest that both cognitive and social factors need to be considered to explain adolescents' decisions to engage in risk behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1607-1622
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume40
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Fingerprint

Adolescent Behavior
Parenting
Risk-Taking
risk behavior
Decision Making
adolescent
decision making
cognitive factors
female adolescent
delinquency
social factors
drug use
school grade
alcohol
regression
Regression Analysis
Alcohols
health
Health
Research

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Decision making
  • Deviant friends
  • Parenting
  • Risk behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

The Role of Deliberative Decision Making, Parenting, and Friends in Adolescent Risk Behaviors. / Wolff, Jennifer M.; Crockett, Elizabeth J.

In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 40, No. 12, 01.12.2011, p. 1607-1622.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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