The Role of Breastfeeding in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Kristine McVea, Paul D. Turner, Dawnette K. Peppler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this article is to review the literature regarding the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in bottle-fed infants compared to those that are breastfed. A meta-analysis and qualitative literature review were performed. Cohort and case-control studies were included if they met a minimum SIDS definition and presented data allowing calculation of an odds ratio (OR). Twenty-three studies were included in the meta-analysis. The studies were heterogeneous, and a majority (14) were of "fair" or "poor" quality. Crude ORs from 19 individual studies favored breastfeeding as protective against SIDS. The combined analysis indicated that bottle-fed infants were twice as likely to die from SIDS (pooled OR = 2.11;95% CI 1.66-2.68). The results of the analysis show that there is an association between bottle-feeding and SIDS, but this may be related to confounding variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Human Lactation
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Fingerprint

Sudden Infant Death
Breast Feeding
Meta-Analysis
Odds Ratio
Bottle Feeding
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Case-Control Studies

Keywords

  • Breastfeeding
  • Infant nutrition
  • Meta-analysis
  • Sudden infant death syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

The Role of Breastfeeding in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. / McVea, Kristine; Turner, Paul D.; Peppler, Dawnette K.

In: Journal of Human Lactation, Vol. 16, No. 1, 01.01.2000, p. 13-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McVea, Kristine ; Turner, Paul D. ; Peppler, Dawnette K. / The Role of Breastfeeding in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. In: Journal of Human Lactation. 2000 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 13-20.
@article{d451e829124e450488bfff72f6fd9be6,
title = "The Role of Breastfeeding in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome",
abstract = "The objective of this article is to review the literature regarding the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in bottle-fed infants compared to those that are breastfed. A meta-analysis and qualitative literature review were performed. Cohort and case-control studies were included if they met a minimum SIDS definition and presented data allowing calculation of an odds ratio (OR). Twenty-three studies were included in the meta-analysis. The studies were heterogeneous, and a majority (14) were of {"}fair{"} or {"}poor{"} quality. Crude ORs from 19 individual studies favored breastfeeding as protective against SIDS. The combined analysis indicated that bottle-fed infants were twice as likely to die from SIDS (pooled OR = 2.11;95{\%} CI 1.66-2.68). The results of the analysis show that there is an association between bottle-feeding and SIDS, but this may be related to confounding variables.",
keywords = "Breastfeeding, Infant nutrition, Meta-analysis, Sudden infant death syndrome",
author = "Kristine McVea and Turner, {Paul D.} and Peppler, {Dawnette K.}",
year = "2000",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/089033440001600104",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
pages = "13--20",
journal = "Journal of Human Lactation",
issn = "0890-3344",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Role of Breastfeeding in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

AU - McVea, Kristine

AU - Turner, Paul D.

AU - Peppler, Dawnette K.

PY - 2000/1/1

Y1 - 2000/1/1

N2 - The objective of this article is to review the literature regarding the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in bottle-fed infants compared to those that are breastfed. A meta-analysis and qualitative literature review were performed. Cohort and case-control studies were included if they met a minimum SIDS definition and presented data allowing calculation of an odds ratio (OR). Twenty-three studies were included in the meta-analysis. The studies were heterogeneous, and a majority (14) were of "fair" or "poor" quality. Crude ORs from 19 individual studies favored breastfeeding as protective against SIDS. The combined analysis indicated that bottle-fed infants were twice as likely to die from SIDS (pooled OR = 2.11;95% CI 1.66-2.68). The results of the analysis show that there is an association between bottle-feeding and SIDS, but this may be related to confounding variables.

AB - The objective of this article is to review the literature regarding the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in bottle-fed infants compared to those that are breastfed. A meta-analysis and qualitative literature review were performed. Cohort and case-control studies were included if they met a minimum SIDS definition and presented data allowing calculation of an odds ratio (OR). Twenty-three studies were included in the meta-analysis. The studies were heterogeneous, and a majority (14) were of "fair" or "poor" quality. Crude ORs from 19 individual studies favored breastfeeding as protective against SIDS. The combined analysis indicated that bottle-fed infants were twice as likely to die from SIDS (pooled OR = 2.11;95% CI 1.66-2.68). The results of the analysis show that there is an association between bottle-feeding and SIDS, but this may be related to confounding variables.

KW - Breastfeeding

KW - Infant nutrition

KW - Meta-analysis

KW - Sudden infant death syndrome

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034139596&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034139596&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/089033440001600104

DO - 10.1177/089033440001600104

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 13

EP - 20

JO - Journal of Human Lactation

JF - Journal of Human Lactation

SN - 0890-3344

IS - 1

ER -