The risk of assimilating? Alcohol use among immigrant and U.S.-born Mexican youth

Tara D Warner, Diana H. Fishbein, Christopher P. Krebs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rising rates of substance use among Hispanic youth, coupled with substantial growth of this minority group, merit grounds for concern. The process of assimilation is frequently examined in studies of Hispanic substance use and has been cited as a reason for higher rates of substance use by U.S.-born Hispanics, compared to their foreign-born peers. However, many previous studies use individual or unidimensional measures of assimilation, when this term is multifaceted, representing different concepts. The current study addresses this gap by testing the longitudinal effect of different assimilation processes (acculturation as well as structural, spatial, and straight-line assimilation), while simultaneously controlling for important familial and social risk and protective factors on the likelihood of alcohol use among U.S.-born Mexican and Mexican immigrant youth. Results indicate that, although alcohol use is higher among immigrant youth, assimilation measures do not predict alcohol use for immigrants or U.S.-born youth. We conclude that the effects of assimilation may vary by person and place, particularly in ethnic enclaves, and suggest the use of measures that incorporate cultural, personal, social, and environmental factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-186
Number of pages11
JournalSocial Science Research
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Fingerprint

assimilation
alcohol
immigrant
acculturation
social factors
environmental factors
minority
human being
Group

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Alcohol
  • Assimilation
  • Hispanic
  • Immigrant
  • Mexican
  • Substance use
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

The risk of assimilating? Alcohol use among immigrant and U.S.-born Mexican youth. / Warner, Tara D; Fishbein, Diana H.; Krebs, Christopher P.

In: Social Science Research, Vol. 39, No. 1, 01.01.2010, p. 176-186.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Warner, Tara D ; Fishbein, Diana H. ; Krebs, Christopher P. / The risk of assimilating? Alcohol use among immigrant and U.S.-born Mexican youth. In: Social Science Research. 2010 ; Vol. 39, No. 1. pp. 176-186.
@article{8f4aea64fa394a0db5ab887d659fb0f8,
title = "The risk of assimilating? Alcohol use among immigrant and U.S.-born Mexican youth",
abstract = "Rising rates of substance use among Hispanic youth, coupled with substantial growth of this minority group, merit grounds for concern. The process of assimilation is frequently examined in studies of Hispanic substance use and has been cited as a reason for higher rates of substance use by U.S.-born Hispanics, compared to their foreign-born peers. However, many previous studies use individual or unidimensional measures of assimilation, when this term is multifaceted, representing different concepts. The current study addresses this gap by testing the longitudinal effect of different assimilation processes (acculturation as well as structural, spatial, and straight-line assimilation), while simultaneously controlling for important familial and social risk and protective factors on the likelihood of alcohol use among U.S.-born Mexican and Mexican immigrant youth. Results indicate that, although alcohol use is higher among immigrant youth, assimilation measures do not predict alcohol use for immigrants or U.S.-born youth. We conclude that the effects of assimilation may vary by person and place, particularly in ethnic enclaves, and suggest the use of measures that incorporate cultural, personal, social, and environmental factors.",
keywords = "Acculturation, Alcohol, Assimilation, Hispanic, Immigrant, Mexican, Substance use, Youth",
author = "Warner, {Tara D} and Fishbein, {Diana H.} and Krebs, {Christopher P.}",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ssresearch.2009.07.001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "39",
pages = "176--186",
journal = "Social Science Research",
issn = "0049-089X",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The risk of assimilating? Alcohol use among immigrant and U.S.-born Mexican youth

AU - Warner, Tara D

AU - Fishbein, Diana H.

AU - Krebs, Christopher P.

PY - 2010/1/1

Y1 - 2010/1/1

N2 - Rising rates of substance use among Hispanic youth, coupled with substantial growth of this minority group, merit grounds for concern. The process of assimilation is frequently examined in studies of Hispanic substance use and has been cited as a reason for higher rates of substance use by U.S.-born Hispanics, compared to their foreign-born peers. However, many previous studies use individual or unidimensional measures of assimilation, when this term is multifaceted, representing different concepts. The current study addresses this gap by testing the longitudinal effect of different assimilation processes (acculturation as well as structural, spatial, and straight-line assimilation), while simultaneously controlling for important familial and social risk and protective factors on the likelihood of alcohol use among U.S.-born Mexican and Mexican immigrant youth. Results indicate that, although alcohol use is higher among immigrant youth, assimilation measures do not predict alcohol use for immigrants or U.S.-born youth. We conclude that the effects of assimilation may vary by person and place, particularly in ethnic enclaves, and suggest the use of measures that incorporate cultural, personal, social, and environmental factors.

AB - Rising rates of substance use among Hispanic youth, coupled with substantial growth of this minority group, merit grounds for concern. The process of assimilation is frequently examined in studies of Hispanic substance use and has been cited as a reason for higher rates of substance use by U.S.-born Hispanics, compared to their foreign-born peers. However, many previous studies use individual or unidimensional measures of assimilation, when this term is multifaceted, representing different concepts. The current study addresses this gap by testing the longitudinal effect of different assimilation processes (acculturation as well as structural, spatial, and straight-line assimilation), while simultaneously controlling for important familial and social risk and protective factors on the likelihood of alcohol use among U.S.-born Mexican and Mexican immigrant youth. Results indicate that, although alcohol use is higher among immigrant youth, assimilation measures do not predict alcohol use for immigrants or U.S.-born youth. We conclude that the effects of assimilation may vary by person and place, particularly in ethnic enclaves, and suggest the use of measures that incorporate cultural, personal, social, and environmental factors.

KW - Acculturation

KW - Alcohol

KW - Assimilation

KW - Hispanic

KW - Immigrant

KW - Mexican

KW - Substance use

KW - Youth

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70449535528&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70449535528&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2009.07.001

DO - 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2009.07.001

M3 - Article

VL - 39

SP - 176

EP - 186

JO - Social Science Research

JF - Social Science Research

SN - 0049-089X

IS - 1

ER -