The Relationship Quality Interview

Evidence of Reliability, Convergent and Divergent Validity, and Incremental Utility

Erika Lawrence, Robin A. Barry, Rebecca L Brock, Mali Bunde, Amie Langer, Eunyoe Ro, Emily Fazio, Lorin Mulryan, Sara Hunt, Lisa Madsen, Sandra Dzankovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Relationship satisfaction and adjustment have been the target outcome variables for almost all couple research and therapies. In contrast, far less attention has been paid to the assessment of relationship quality. The present study introduces the Relationship Quality Interview (RQI), a semistructured, behaviorally anchored individual interview. The RQI was designed to provide a more objective assessment of relationship quality as a dynamic, dyadic construct across 5 dimensions: (a) quality of emotional intimacy in the relationship, (b) quality of the couple's sexual relationship, (c) quality of support transactions in the relationship, (d) quality of the couple's ability to share power in the relationship, and (e) quality of conflict/problem-solving interactions in the relationship. Psychometric properties of RQI ratings were examined through scores obtained from self-report questionnaires and behavioral observation data collected cross-sectionally from a sample of 91 dating participants and longitudinally from a sample of 101 married couples. RQI ratings demonstrated strong reliability (internal consistency, interrater agreement, interpartner agreement, and correlations among scales), convergent validity (correlations between RQI scale ratings and questionnaire scores assessing similar domains of relationship quality), and divergent validity (correlations between RQI scale ratings and (a) behavioral observation codes assessing related constructs, (b) global relationship satisfaction scores, and (c) scores on individual difference measures of related constructs). Clinical implications of the RQI for improving couple assessment and interventions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-63
Number of pages20
JournalPsychological Assessment
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Interviews
Couples Therapy
Social Adjustment
Aptitude
Psychometrics
Individuality
Self Report
Research
Surveys and Questionnaires
Behavior Observation Techniques

Keywords

  • Couple assessment
  • Couple therapy
  • Interview
  • Relationship quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

The Relationship Quality Interview : Evidence of Reliability, Convergent and Divergent Validity, and Incremental Utility. / Lawrence, Erika; Barry, Robin A.; Brock, Rebecca L; Bunde, Mali; Langer, Amie; Ro, Eunyoe; Fazio, Emily; Mulryan, Lorin; Hunt, Sara; Madsen, Lisa; Dzankovic, Sandra.

In: Psychological Assessment, Vol. 23, No. 1, 01.03.2011, p. 44-63.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lawrence, E, Barry, RA, Brock, RL, Bunde, M, Langer, A, Ro, E, Fazio, E, Mulryan, L, Hunt, S, Madsen, L & Dzankovic, S 2011, 'The Relationship Quality Interview: Evidence of Reliability, Convergent and Divergent Validity, and Incremental Utility', Psychological Assessment, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 44-63. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021096
Lawrence, Erika ; Barry, Robin A. ; Brock, Rebecca L ; Bunde, Mali ; Langer, Amie ; Ro, Eunyoe ; Fazio, Emily ; Mulryan, Lorin ; Hunt, Sara ; Madsen, Lisa ; Dzankovic, Sandra. / The Relationship Quality Interview : Evidence of Reliability, Convergent and Divergent Validity, and Incremental Utility. In: Psychological Assessment. 2011 ; Vol. 23, No. 1. pp. 44-63.
@article{253452d308304cca827818b4e48e1e36,
title = "The Relationship Quality Interview: Evidence of Reliability, Convergent and Divergent Validity, and Incremental Utility",
abstract = "Relationship satisfaction and adjustment have been the target outcome variables for almost all couple research and therapies. In contrast, far less attention has been paid to the assessment of relationship quality. The present study introduces the Relationship Quality Interview (RQI), a semistructured, behaviorally anchored individual interview. The RQI was designed to provide a more objective assessment of relationship quality as a dynamic, dyadic construct across 5 dimensions: (a) quality of emotional intimacy in the relationship, (b) quality of the couple's sexual relationship, (c) quality of support transactions in the relationship, (d) quality of the couple's ability to share power in the relationship, and (e) quality of conflict/problem-solving interactions in the relationship. Psychometric properties of RQI ratings were examined through scores obtained from self-report questionnaires and behavioral observation data collected cross-sectionally from a sample of 91 dating participants and longitudinally from a sample of 101 married couples. RQI ratings demonstrated strong reliability (internal consistency, interrater agreement, interpartner agreement, and correlations among scales), convergent validity (correlations between RQI scale ratings and questionnaire scores assessing similar domains of relationship quality), and divergent validity (correlations between RQI scale ratings and (a) behavioral observation codes assessing related constructs, (b) global relationship satisfaction scores, and (c) scores on individual difference measures of related constructs). Clinical implications of the RQI for improving couple assessment and interventions are discussed.",
keywords = "Couple assessment, Couple therapy, Interview, Relationship quality",
author = "Erika Lawrence and Barry, {Robin A.} and Brock, {Rebecca L} and Mali Bunde and Amie Langer and Eunyoe Ro and Emily Fazio and Lorin Mulryan and Sara Hunt and Lisa Madsen and Sandra Dzankovic",
year = "2011",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/a0021096",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "44--63",
journal = "Psychological Assessment",
issn = "1040-3590",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Relationship Quality Interview

T2 - Evidence of Reliability, Convergent and Divergent Validity, and Incremental Utility

AU - Lawrence, Erika

AU - Barry, Robin A.

AU - Brock, Rebecca L

AU - Bunde, Mali

AU - Langer, Amie

AU - Ro, Eunyoe

AU - Fazio, Emily

AU - Mulryan, Lorin

AU - Hunt, Sara

AU - Madsen, Lisa

AU - Dzankovic, Sandra

PY - 2011/3/1

Y1 - 2011/3/1

N2 - Relationship satisfaction and adjustment have been the target outcome variables for almost all couple research and therapies. In contrast, far less attention has been paid to the assessment of relationship quality. The present study introduces the Relationship Quality Interview (RQI), a semistructured, behaviorally anchored individual interview. The RQI was designed to provide a more objective assessment of relationship quality as a dynamic, dyadic construct across 5 dimensions: (a) quality of emotional intimacy in the relationship, (b) quality of the couple's sexual relationship, (c) quality of support transactions in the relationship, (d) quality of the couple's ability to share power in the relationship, and (e) quality of conflict/problem-solving interactions in the relationship. Psychometric properties of RQI ratings were examined through scores obtained from self-report questionnaires and behavioral observation data collected cross-sectionally from a sample of 91 dating participants and longitudinally from a sample of 101 married couples. RQI ratings demonstrated strong reliability (internal consistency, interrater agreement, interpartner agreement, and correlations among scales), convergent validity (correlations between RQI scale ratings and questionnaire scores assessing similar domains of relationship quality), and divergent validity (correlations between RQI scale ratings and (a) behavioral observation codes assessing related constructs, (b) global relationship satisfaction scores, and (c) scores on individual difference measures of related constructs). Clinical implications of the RQI for improving couple assessment and interventions are discussed.

AB - Relationship satisfaction and adjustment have been the target outcome variables for almost all couple research and therapies. In contrast, far less attention has been paid to the assessment of relationship quality. The present study introduces the Relationship Quality Interview (RQI), a semistructured, behaviorally anchored individual interview. The RQI was designed to provide a more objective assessment of relationship quality as a dynamic, dyadic construct across 5 dimensions: (a) quality of emotional intimacy in the relationship, (b) quality of the couple's sexual relationship, (c) quality of support transactions in the relationship, (d) quality of the couple's ability to share power in the relationship, and (e) quality of conflict/problem-solving interactions in the relationship. Psychometric properties of RQI ratings were examined through scores obtained from self-report questionnaires and behavioral observation data collected cross-sectionally from a sample of 91 dating participants and longitudinally from a sample of 101 married couples. RQI ratings demonstrated strong reliability (internal consistency, interrater agreement, interpartner agreement, and correlations among scales), convergent validity (correlations between RQI scale ratings and questionnaire scores assessing similar domains of relationship quality), and divergent validity (correlations between RQI scale ratings and (a) behavioral observation codes assessing related constructs, (b) global relationship satisfaction scores, and (c) scores on individual difference measures of related constructs). Clinical implications of the RQI for improving couple assessment and interventions are discussed.

KW - Couple assessment

KW - Couple therapy

KW - Interview

KW - Relationship quality

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79952596425&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79952596425&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0021096

DO - 10.1037/a0021096

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 44

EP - 63

JO - Psychological Assessment

JF - Psychological Assessment

SN - 1040-3590

IS - 1

ER -