The Relationship Between Victimization and Substance Use Among Homeless and Runaway Female Adolescents

Kimberly A. Tyler, Sarah J. Gervais, M. Meghan Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Each year, thousands of female adolescents run away from home due to sexual abuse, yet they continue to be victims of sexual assault once on the street. To date, few studies have examined how various forms of victimization are related to different types of substance use. The purpose of this article is to investigate the relationship between street exposure, childhood abuse, and different forms of street victimization with alcohol and marijuana use among 137 homeless and runaway female adolescents. Results from path analysis revealed that child sexual abuse was positively linked to trading sex and sexual and physical victimization. In addition, those who have traded sex experienced greater physical victimization, and who have spent more time away from home, used alcohol more frequently. Moreover, trading sex and experiencing more types of sexual victimization were positively linked to more frequent marijuana usage. Age, age at first run, longest time away from home, sexual abuse, and trading sex had significant indirect effects on alcohol and/or marijuana use. Together, these factors accounted for 27% of the variance in alcohol use and 37% of the variance in marijuana use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)474-493
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Fingerprint

Homeless Youth
Crime Victims
Cannabis
Alcohols
Sex Offenses
Sexual Child Abuse

Keywords

  • abuse
  • alcohol
  • homeless or runaway female adolescents
  • marijuana
  • victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

The Relationship Between Victimization and Substance Use Among Homeless and Runaway Female Adolescents. / Tyler, Kimberly A.; Gervais, Sarah J.; Davidson, M. Meghan.

In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 28, No. 3, 01.01.2013, p. 474-493.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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